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The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of annual screening for lung cancer by low-dose computed tomography (CT) and the characteristics of identified lung cancers. Subjects consisted of 5483 general population aged 40-74 years, who received initial CT scans in 1996, followed by repeat annual scans for most subjects in 1997 and 1998, with a(More)
BACKGROUND Even after complete resection, recurrence of thymoma is not infrequently observed, and treatment of recurrent thymoma remains controversial. STUDY DESIGN One hundred and twenty-six patients underwent surgically complete resection for thymoma, and 24 of them had a recurrence. Surgical treatment of recurrent thymoma was attempted in 15 patients(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors determined the effect of postoperative mediastinal irradiation in preventing local and pleural recurrence of thymoma. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA The role of mediastinal irradiation after incomplete resection or biopsy of an invasive thymoma is well established. However, routine use of adjuvant mediastinal irradiation for patients with(More)
An MR-pathologic correlation of nine intrathoracic neurogenic tumors (three neurofibromas, four schwannomas, and two ganglioneuromas) was performed to characterize their MR appearances. The three types of intrathoracic neurogenic tumor were found to have characteristic appearances on MR images that should be helpful when establishing the differential(More)
The survival of patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is related to T, N, M components, and early diagnosis and treatment of limited stage SCLC may improve survival. The objective of this study was to review the initial and annual repeat screening computed tomography (CT) images of all five patients with SCLC, encountered in our 1996-1998(More)
Digital tomosynthesis makes it possible to reconstruct multiple tomographs from digital data obtained during a single tomographic motion and permits digital processing, which adds a number of special advantages to the well-known advantages of conventional tomography. We performed digital tomosynthesis with a fluororadiographic TV unit with tomographic(More)
Changes in the sinus rate, right atrial contractile force and left ventricular contractile force in response to isoproterenol, epinephrine, dobutamine, salbutamol and procaterol were studied in isolated, blood-perfused right atrial or left ventricular cardiac preparations of the dog. Each substance elicited dose-dependent increases in the three parameters(More)
By using the cannula inserting method, vasoconstrictor responses to norepinephrine (a mixed alpha-1 and alpha-2 adrenoceptor agonist), phenylephrine (a selective alpha-1 adrenoceptor agonist), clonidine and xylazine (selective alpha-2 adrenoceptor agonists) were investigated in the isolated and perfused canine pulmonary vein. The segment of vessels was(More)
A 46-year-old woman complained four times of chest pains due to repeated right pneumothorax. This was improved by the right thoracic drainage each time. She was diagnosed as having catamenial pneumothorax from the fact that each episode of pneumothorax began with the first day of her menstrual cycle. She was admitted to our hospital in Jan. 1996 and(More)
Seventy patients were studied after undergoing complete resection of thymoma to determine the effect of postoperative adjuvant mediastinal radiotherapy on prognosis, with regard to clinical stage, histological type, and pleural factor. Pleural factor was defined as follows: p0, no adhesion to the mediastinal pleura; p1, fibrous adhesion to the mediastinal(More)