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Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is highly susceptible to injury induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS). During aging, mutations of mtDNA accumulate to induce dysfunction of the respiratory chain, resulting in the enhanced ROS production. Therefore, age-dependent memory impairment may result from oxidative stress derived from the respiratory chain. Mitochondrial(More)
Plasma concentrations of free fatty acids are increased in metabolic syndrome, and the increased fatty acids may cause cellular damage via the induction of oxidative stress. The present study was designed to determine whether the increase in fatty acids can modify the free sulfhydryl group in position 34 of albumin (Cys34) and enhance the redox-cycling(More)
INTRODUCTION Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) is a ligand-activated transcription factor that controls growth, differentiation, and inflammation in different tissues. Roles of PPAR-gamma activation in pancreatic acinar cells are poorly characterized. AIMS To examine the effects of PPAR-gamma activation on the induction of(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have reported the clinical usefulness of positive airway pressure ventilation therapy with various kinds of pressure support compared with simple continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for heart failure patients. However, the mechanism of the favorable effect of CPAP with pressure support can not be explained simply from the(More)
Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphomas are localized primarily in the gastrointestinal tract and are characterized by an indolent nature and favorable outcome with specific therapy. Gastric MALT lymphomas are closely linked to Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection, for which eradication therapy is recognized as an effective primary treatment(More)
The L/N-type calcium channel blocker cilnidipine has unique effects including sympathetic nerve suppression and the balanced vasodilatation of arteries and veins that may alleviate morning hypertension (MHT) or peripheral edema caused by calcium channel antagonists. We used ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) and a unique peripheral edema(More)
The overexpression of mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM) attenuates the decrease in mtDNA copy number after myocardial infarction, ameliorates pathological hypertrophy, and markedly improves survival. However, non-transgenic strategy to increase mtDNA for the treatment of pathological hypertrophy remains unknown. We produced recombinant human TFAM(More)
INTRODUCTION Effectiveness and safety of warfarin therapy for non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) patients are strongly associated with its stability presented such as time in therapeutic range (TTR) of PT-INR. However, the factors that affect TTR have not been fully elucidated in Japan where majority of patients are controlled within the range of(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) is increased in myocardium after myocardial infarction (MI), which may play a causal role in cardiac remodelling. However, there is scant direct and longitudinal evidence that systemic oxidative stress is enhanced accompanying an increase of ROS in myocardium. The authors conducted a comprehensive investigation of ROS markers(More)
A 60-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of dyspnea on exertion. He was diagnosed with heart failure due to an old myocardial infarction. Myocardial stress perfusion scintigraphy revealed inducible myocardial ischemia. Coronary angiography revealed hazy slit lesions in both the left anterior descending (LAD) and right coronary arteries (RCA).(More)