Masayoshi Uchida

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Reduced risk and severity of stroke in adult females is thought to depend on normal endogenous levels of estrogen, a well-known neuroprotectant and immunomodulator. In male mice, experimental stroke induces immunosuppression of the peripheral immune system, characterized by a reduction in spleen size and cell numbers and decreased cytokine and chemokine(More)
Males exhibit greater histologic and behavioral impairment after stroke than do age-matched females. However, the contribution of androgens to stroke outcome remains unclear. We compared outcomes from middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in castrated mice with those in testosterone- or dihydrotestosterone (DHT)-replaced castrated mice. Castrates treated(More)
Androgens within physiological ranges protect castrated male mice from cerebral ischemic injury. Yet, underlying mechanisms are unclear. Here, we report that, after middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), salt-induced kinase 1 (SIK1) was induced by a potent androgen-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) at protective doses. To investigate whether SIK1 contributes to(More)
BACKGROUND Vasopressin is a drug of choice for use during cardiopulmonary resuscitation because several experimental studies have shown that it is better than epinephrine at increasing systemic perfusion pressure and improving cerebral perfusion pressure without increasing myocardial oxygen consumption. We used a pial window preparation to determine the(More)
We previously reported that unclamping of an abdominal aortic cross-clamp causes initial dilation of pial arteries followed by sustained constriction. Both milrinone and colforsin daropate have a vasodilator action, and both have been used in such critical conditions as abdominal aortic aneurysmectomy. We measured cerebral pial arteriolar diameters using a(More)
UNLABELLED We compared the effects of the systemic hypotensive drugs prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) and nicardipine on the cerebral microcirculation and on the cerebrovascular reactivities to hypercapnia and hypoxia. In isoflurane-anesthetized rabbits (n = 48), we measured cerebral pial vessel diameters using a cranial-window preparation: (a) during IV PGE1- or(More)
UNLABELLED Little is known about any changes in cerebral hemodynamics, during and after abdominal aortic cross-clamping and unclamping, especially in the cerebral microcirculation. We studied the effects of abdominal aortic cross-clamping and unclamping on cerebral pial vessel diameter in the presence or absence of the thromboxane (Tx)A(2) receptor(More)
Male sex is a known risk factor in human stroke. However, the role of the cognate receptor for androgens—the androgen receptor (AR)—in stroke outcome remains unclear. Here, we found that AR mRNA is downregulated in the peri-infarct tissue of gonadally intact male mice subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and 6 h reperfusion. We then used(More)
BACKGROUND Our aims are to investigate the effect of nicorandil, which is used for angina prevention and treatment, on the endothelial dysfunction induced by acute smoking and to clarify the underlying mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS A closed cranial window preparation was used to measure changes in pial vessel diameters in Sprague-Dawley rats. The(More)