Masayoshi Uchida

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Reduced risk and severity of stroke in adult females is thought to depend on normal endogenous levels of estrogen, a well-known neuroprotectant and immunomodulator. In male mice, experimental stroke induces immunosuppression of the peripheral immune system, characterized by a reduction in spleen size and cell numbers and decreased cytokine and chemokine(More)
Androgens within physiological ranges protect castrated male mice from cerebral ischemic injury. Yet, underlying mechanisms are unclear. Here, we report that, after middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), salt-induced kinase 1 (SIK1) was induced by a potent androgen-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) at protective doses. To investigate whether SIK1 contributes to(More)
Males exhibit greater histologic and behavioral impairment after stroke than do age-matched females. However, the contribution of androgens to stroke outcome remains unclear. We compared outcomes from middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in castrated mice with those in testosterone- or dihydrotestosterone (DHT)-replaced castrated mice. Castrates treated(More)
Male sex is a known risk factor in human stroke. However, the role of the cognate receptor for androgens-the androgen receptor (AR)-in stroke outcome remains unclear. Here, we found that AR mRNA is downregulated in the peri-infarct tissue of gonadally intact male mice subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and 6 h reperfusion. We then used(More)
BACKGROUND The potent vasodilators nicardipine and prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) are useful for the treatment of systemic hypertension or pulmonary hypertension during aortic surgery. METHODS We measured cerebral pial arteriolar diameters, using a rabbit closed cranial window preparation: before (baseline) and 15 min after the start of an IV infusion (preclamp)(More)
This short article examines the microwave-assisted photolytic disinfection of aqueous solutions contaminated by Bacillus subtilis microorganisms using UV and vacuum-UV radiation emitted from a microwave discharge electrodeless lamp (MDEL), a device containing a Hg/Ar gas-fill that was proposed recently for use in Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs). Results(More)
BACKGROUND Our aims are to investigate the effect of nicorandil, which is used for angina prevention and treatment, on the endothelial dysfunction induced by acute smoking and to clarify the underlying mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS A closed cranial window preparation was used to measure changes in pial vessel diameters in Sprague-Dawley rats. The(More)
UNLABELLED Little is known about any changes in cerebral hemodynamics, during and after abdominal aortic cross-clamping and unclamping, especially in the cerebral microcirculation. We studied the effects of abdominal aortic cross-clamping and unclamping on cerebral pial vessel diameter in the presence or absence of the thromboxane (Tx)A(2) receptor(More)