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INTRODUCTION The involvement of glycation in neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) was recently indicated. We previously reported the existence of an Amadori product, 1-hexitol-lysine (1-HL), which is formed in the early glycation reaction, in axonal spheroids of the anterior horn(More)
BACKGROUND The Japan Assessment of Pitavastatin and Atorvastatin in Acute Coronary Syndrome (JAPAN-ACS) trial demonstrated that early aggressive statin therapy in patients with ACS significantly reduces plaque volume (PV). Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and the receptors of AGEs (RAGE) may lead to angiopathy in diabetes mellitus (DM) and may affect(More)
Advanced glycation end products (AGE) and the receptor for AGE (RAGE) have been implicated in the chronic complications of diabetes mellitus (DM), and have been reported to play an important role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this study, we established a polyclonal anti-RAGE antibody, and examined the immunohistochemical localization(More)
Glycation, one of the post-translational modifications of proteins, is a nonenzymatic reaction initiated by the primary addition of a sugar aldehyde or ketone to the amino groups of proteins. In the early stage of glycation, the synthesis of intermediates leading to the formation of Amadori compounds occurs. In the late stage, advanced glycation end(More)
The Maillard reaction that leads to the formation of advanced glycation end products (AGE) is considered to play an important role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Until now AGE derived from glucose (glucose-AGE) have been mainly investigated, so we established new AGE species derived from alpha-hydroxyaldehydes and dicarbonyl compounds. We(More)
A dysfunctional ubiquitin-proteasome system recently has been proposed to play a role in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We have shown previously that spinal motor neurons are more vulnerable to proteasome inhibition-induced neurotoxicity, using a dissociated culture system. To confirm this(More)
Proteasomal dysfunction has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). We examined the effect of a selective proteasomal inhibitor, epoxomicin, on primary cultured mesencephalic neurons. Exposing rat cultured mesencephalic neurons to epoxomicin for 24 h resulted in neurotoxicity in a dose-dependent manner. Epoxomicin caused(More)
We investigated the effect of two proteasome inhibitors, lactacystin and epoxomicin, on cultured spinal cord neurons. The incubation of spinal neurons with proteasome inhibitors for 24 hr induced neurotoxicity in a dose-dependent manner. We found motor neurons to be more vulnerable to proteasome-induced neurotoxicity than nonmotor neurons. The staining of(More)
The Maillard reaction that leads to the formation of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of angiopathy in diabetic patients and in aging. AGEs are believed also to contribute to the pathology of Alzheimer disease (AD) and other neurodegenerative processes. Incubation of cortical neurons with 5 immunochemically(More)
BACKGROUND The Maillard reaction that leads to the formation of advanced glycation end-products (AGE) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of angiopathy in diabetic patients and in the aging process. Recently, it was proposed that AGE were not only created by glucose, but also by dicarbonyl compounds derived from the Maillard reaction, autoxidation(More)