Masayoshi Soma

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BACKGROUND Paraoxonase1 (PON1) is HDL-associated ester hydrolase which has been shown to prevent LDL and HDL oxidation in vitro. PON1-coding region has two common polymorphisms (M/L55 and A/B192) that influence PON activity. We examined whether these polymorphisms relates with the incidence of cerebral infarction (CI) which is one of the major(More)
Hypertension is one of the most common complex genetic disorders. We have described previously 38 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with suggestive association with hypertension in Japanese individuals. In this study we extend our previous findings by analyzing a large sample of Japanese individuals (n=14 105) for the most associated SNPs. We also(More)
Benidipine inhibits both L- and T-type Ca channels, and has been shown to dilate the efferent arterioles as effectively as the afferent arterioles. In this study, we conducted an open-label and randomized trial to compare the effects of benidipine with those of amlodipine on blood pressure (BP), albuminuria and aldosterone concentration in hypertensive(More)
BACKGROUND Febuxostat has been reported to have a stronger effect on hyperuricemia than allopurinol. METHODS AND RESULTS Cardiac surgery patients with hyperuricemia (n=141) were randomized to a febuxostat group or an allopurinol group. The study was single-blind, so the treatment was not known by the investigators. The primary endpoint was serum uric acid(More)
Inactivating mutations in the follicle-stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR) gene have been reported to cause hereditary hypergonadotropic ovarian failure. It has been found recently that the FSHR knockout mouse exhibits hypertension. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between polymorphisms in the human FSHR gene and essential(More)
OBJECTIVE CYP4A11, a member of the cytochrome P450 family, acts mainly as an enzyme that converts arachidonic acid to 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid, a metabolite involved in blood pressure regulation in humans. Disruption of the murine cyp4a14 and cyp4a10 genes, homologues of human CYP4A11, was reported recently to cause hypertension. The gene-disrupted(More)
Essential hypertension (EH) is a multifactorial disorder determined by the interaction of environmental and genetic factors. EH patients' responses to these factors may vary, depending on differences in their genes that determine the physiological systems that mediate the response. The purpose of this investigation was to clarify the contributions of(More)
The natriuretic peptide (NP) family is involved in the regulation of blood pressure and fluid volume. We isolated the 5'-flanking region of the type A human NP receptor gene and identified an insertion/deletion mutation in this region. We then assessed whether there is a genetic association between this mutation and essential hypertension (EH). The deletion(More)
BACKGROUND C-reactive protein (CRP) is reported to be involved in the development of atherosclerosis. Elevated CRP levels are considered to be a predictor of ischemic stroke (IS) in elderly individuals. Some single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) are reportedly associated with elevated CRP levels. The aims of this study were to genotype some of the SNP in(More)
The potent and selective dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor vildagliptin improves glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes through incretin hormone-mediated increases in both α- and β-cell responsiveness to glucose. We conducted a prospective, open-label, parallel group, controlled study of 51 patients with type 2 diabetic patients undergoing(More)