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The coding sequence of a gene for a Pseudomonas syringae ethylene-forming enzyme was inserted at the psbAI locus in a cyanobacterium, Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 via rps12-mediated gene replacement. The recombinant strain photoautotrophically produced ethylene at 451 nl ml(-1) h(-1) OD730(-1), but showed a depressed specific growth rate as well as a(More)
The lactic acid-assimilating yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae NAM34-4C grew rapidly in minimal D-lactate medium (pH 3.5) at 35°C, compared with minimal L-lactate medium. A laboratory strain, S. cerevisiae S288C, did not grow in either medium at pH 3.5. Strain NAM34-4C produced remarkably high levels of ethanol in YPDL medium at pH 3.5, but not at pH 5.5, when(More)
In a dimorphic yeast, Yarrowia lipolytica, replicative plasmids can be established only in the coexistence of the replication origin (ORI) and centromere (CEN) from its own chromosomal DNA. Although six CEN sequences so far isolated from this yeast exhibit no similarity with conventional CEN DNA elements from other budding yeasts, they are confined within(More)
Multiple targeted gene replacements are often required for functional analyses of cyanobacterial genomes. For this purpose, we previously devised a simple genetic method, termed rps12-mediated gene replacement, in a cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 for construction of mutants free from drug resistance markers. Here, we improved the method by(More)
This paper describes an algorithm that tracks and localizes a helicopter using a ground-based trinocular camera array. The three cameras are placed independently in an arbitrary arrangement that allows each camera to view the helicopter's flight volume. The helicopter then flies an unplanned path that allows the cameras to self-survey utilizing an algorithm(More)
The transmission of replicative plasmids in the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica is mediated solely by a part of its centromere DNA, in which an essential protein binding site has been analyzed recently. Here, we extended the analysis to other minimized centromeric regions, revealing a consensus sequence of a 17- to 21-bp imperfect palindrome.
Aphanothece sacrum, an edible freshwater unicellular cyanobacterium, was isolated by using novel synthetic media (designated AST and AST-5xNP). The media were designed on the basis of the ratio of inorganic elements contained in A. sacrum cells cultured in a natural pond. The isolated strain exhibits unicellular rod-shaped cells approximately 6 microm in(More)
Genetic instability of constitutive acid phosphatase (cAPase) activity was observed in a shochu brewer's yeast strain (Ko), which consistently produced 0.3-1% progeny without cAPase when it had been subcultured for a long period of time in barley shochu mash or in conventional complete medium. Genetic analysis showed that the cAPase-negative phenotype was(More)
This paper describes an algorithm that tracks and localizes a helicopter using a ground-based trinocular camera array. Using background differencing and a Kalman filter, the helicopter is found in each of the camera images. The location of the moving helicopter in each image is then used to self-calibrate the relative positions and orientations of each of(More)
A shochu yeast strain, Saccharomyces cerevisiae BAW-6, was previously isolated from Kagoshima yeast strain Ko, and has since been utilized in shochu production. The BAW-6 strain carries pho3/pho3 homozygous genes in contrast to the heterozygous PHO3/pho3 genes in the parental Ko strain. However, absence of the PHO3 gene per se cannot explain the(More)