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The coding sequence of a gene for a Pseudomonas syringae ethylene-forming enzyme was inserted at the psbAI locus in a cyanobacterium, Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 via rps12-mediated gene replacement. The recombinant strain photoautotrophically produced ethylene at 451 nl ml(-1) h(-1) OD730(-1), but showed a depressed specific growth rate as well as a(More)
A mitochondrial cox3 gene in the alkane yeast, Yarrowia lipolytica, encodes a subunit-3 protein of cytochrome c oxidase, and contains a 1044 base-pair-long intron, as compared with the corresponding intronless gene in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The intron belongs to a group I intron as determined by the cDNA sequence for the splicing sites as well as the(More)
The lactic acid-assimilating yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae NAM34-4C grew rapidly in minimal D-lactate medium (pH 3.5) at 35°C, compared with minimal L-lactate medium. A laboratory strain, S. cerevisiae S288C, did not grow in either medium at pH 3.5. Strain NAM34-4C produced remarkably high levels of ethanol in YPDL medium at pH 3.5, but not at pH 5.5, when(More)
Mitochondrial gene organization was studied in a dimorphic yeast, Yarrowia lipolytica. The gene order in a sequenced 6.6-kilobase region closely resembles that of the human mitochondrial genome in that ATP synthase subunit 8 and 6 genes are followed by genes for cytochrome c oxidase subunit 3 (which contains an intron), NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase(More)
In a dimorphic yeast, Yarrowia lipolytica, replicative plasmids can be established only in the coexistence of the replication origin (ORI) and centromere (CEN) from its own chromosomal DNA. Although six CEN sequences so far isolated from this yeast exhibit no similarity with conventional CEN DNA elements from other budding yeasts, they are confined within(More)
Bioconversion of atmospheric carbon dioxide to ethylene was studied in a recombinant cyanobacterium. The gene for the ethylene-forming enzyme ofPseudomonas syringae pv.phaseolicola PK2 was cloned and expressed in the cyanobacteriumSynechococcus PCC7942 R2-SPc by use of a shuttle vector pUC303. The ethylene-forming activityin vivo ofSynechococcus PCC7942(More)
Multiple targeted gene replacements are often required for functional analyses of cyanobacterial genomes. For this purpose, we previously devised a simple genetic method, termed rps12-mediated gene replacement, in a cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 for construction of mutants free from drug resistance markers. Here, we improved the method by(More)
Citrate production by Candida lipolytica from n-alkane as sole carbon source was studied with a NH 4 + -limited chemostat culture. This organism produced citrate and isocitrate simultaneously, the ratio of these acids remaining nearly unchanged within the range of dilution rates used. However, the specific production rates of these acids were maximal around(More)
Two DNA segments exhibiting ARS (autonomously replicating sequence) activity in the dimorphic yeast Yarrowia lipolytica were cloned from its chromosome on an integrative LEU2 plasmid. These ARS segments, designated YlARS1 and YlARS2, conferred on the hybrid plasmids high transformation efficiency and enabled extrachromosomal transmission of the plasmids in(More)
This paper describes an algorithm that tracks and localizes a helicopter using a ground-based trinocular camera array. The three cameras are placed independently in an arbitrary arrangement that allows each camera to view the helicopter's flight volume. The helicopter then flies an unplanned path that allows the cameras to self-survey utilizing an algorithm(More)