Masayoshi Enami

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We succeeded in rescuing infectious influenza virus by transfecting cells with RNAs derived from specific recombinant DNAs. RNA corresponding to the neuraminidase (NA) gene of influenza A/WSN/33 (WSN) virus was transcribed in vitro from plasmid DNA and, following the addition of purified influenza virus RNA polymerase complex, was transfected into MDBK(More)
A system is described that allows use of recombinant DNA technology to modify the genome of influenza virus, a negative-strand RNA virus, and to engineer vectors for the expression of foreign genes. Recombinant RNA is expressed from plasmid DNA in which the coding sequence of the influenza A virus NS gene is replaced with that of the chloramphenicol(More)
The packaging mechanism of segmented RNA viruses has not been well studied. Specifically, it has not been clear whether influenza A viruses package only eight RNA segments or whether virus particles contain more than eight segments. Using a newly developed ribonucleoprotein (RNP) transfection method, we engineered an influenza virus which must contain nine(More)
The influenza virus NS1 protein was shown to stimulate translation of the M1 protein. M-CAT RNA, which contains the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) reporter gene and the terminal noncoding sequence of segment 7 (coding for the M1 and M2 proteins), was ribonucleoprotein transfected into clone 76 cells expressing the influenza virus RNA polymerase and(More)
We have analyzed the mechanism by which the matrix (M1) protein associates with cellular membranes during influenza A virus assembly. Interaction of the M1 protein with the viral hemagglutinin (HA) or neuraminidase (NA) glycoprotein was extensively analyzed by using wild-type and transfectant influenza viruses as well as recombinant vaccinia viruses(More)
A novel quantitation system of both plus- and minus-strand RNAs for all eight genome segments of influenza virus was developed using single-strand cDNAs as the probes for hybridization, and employed for the measurement of various RNA species in influenza virus WSN-infected MDBK cells. The synthesis rate and accumulation level of plus-strand RNAs differed(More)
The nucleotide sequence has been determined for the matrix (M) protein gene of three strains, Niigata-1, ZH and Biken, of cell-associated subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) virus. The M proteins of the Niigata-1 and ZH strains were found to terminate prematurely as a result of nonsense mutations at nucleotide positions 68 and 96 respectively. On the(More)
Appropriate RNAs are transcribed and amplified and proteins are expressed after transfection into cells of in vitro-reconstituted RNA-protein complexes and infection with influenza virus as the helper. This system permits us to study the signals involved in transcription of influenza virus RNAs. For the analysis we used a plasmid-derived RNA containing the(More)
Influenza A and B viruses have not been shown to form reassortants. It had been assumed that the lack of genotypic mixing between influenza virus types reflected differences in polymerase and packaging specificity. In this study, we show that an influenza A virus polymerase transcribes and replicates a chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) gene flanked by(More)
In spite of the generally well-coordinated synthesis of RNA polymerase core enzyme subunits (alpha, beta and beta') in Escherichia coli, a situation was found during the growth transition from exponential to stationary phase in which this coordination was broken (the order of differential repression being alpha leads to beta' leads to beta; Kawakami et al.(More)