Masayo Kushiro

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Brassinosteroids (BRs) are steroidal plant hormones that are essential for growth and development. It has been proposed that BRs are synthesized via two parallel pathways, the early and late C-6 oxidation pathways according to the C-6 oxidation status. The tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) Dwarf gene encodes a cytochrome P450 that has been shown to catalyze(More)
We investigated whether various carotenoids present in foodstuffs were potentially involved in cancer-preventing action on human prostate cancer. The effects of 15 kinds of carotenoids on the viability of three lines of human prostate cancer cells, PC-3, DU 145 and LNCaP, were evaluated. When the prostate cancer cells were cultured in a(More)
ICR and C57BL/6J mice were fed experimental diets containing either a 2% fatty acid preparation rich in conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) or a preparation rich in linoleic acid and free of CLA for 21 days. CLA greatly decreased weights of white adipose tissue and interscapular brown adipose tissue in the two strains. CLA reduced mRNA levels of glucose(More)
Mycotoxin contamination in rice is usually lower as in wheat or corn. However, there are some reports that rice has been contaminated with mycotoxins such as aflatoxin B1, B2, G1, G2 (AFS), citrinin, deoxynivalenol (DON), fumonisin B1, B2, B3 (FMS), fusarenon-X (Fus.-X), nivalenol (NIV), ochratoxin A (OTA), sterigmatocystin (STE), and zearalenone. Rice in(More)
Despite the interest in the beneficial roles of dietary carotenoids in human health, little is known about their solubilization from foods to mixed bile micelles during digestion and the intestinal uptake from the micelles. We investigated the absorption of carotenoids solubilized in mixed micelles by differentiated Caco-2 human intestinal cells, which is a(More)
The effects of dietary conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on the activity and mRNA levels of hepatic enzymes involved in fatty acid synthesis and oxidation were examined in mice. In the first experiment, male ICR and C57BL/6J mice were fed diets containing either a 1.5% fatty acid preparation rich in CLA or a preparation rich in linoleic acid. In the second(More)
The interaction of sesamin, one of the most abundant lignans in sesame seed, and types of dietary fats affecting hepatic fatty acid oxidation was examined in rats. Rats were fed purified experimental diets supplemented with 0% or 0.2% sesamin (1:1 mixture of sesamin and episesamin), and containing 8% of either palm, safflower or fish oil for 15 days. Among(More)
Deoxynivalenol (DON, vomitoxin) is a natural-occuring mycotoxin mainly produced by Fusarium graminearum, a food-borne fungi widely distributed in crops and it is one of the most important mycotoxins in wheat and wheat-based foods and feeds. DON affects animal and human health causing diarrhea, vomiting, gastro-intestinal inflammation, and immunomodulation.(More)
The effect of sesame (Sesamum orientale) lignan preparation containing equivalent amounts of sesamin and episesamin on hepatic fatty acid metabolism was compared in rats, mice and hamsters. Animals were fed on either a diet free of lignan or a diet containing 2 g lignan/kg for 15 d. The lignan preparation greatly increased hepatic activity and the mRNA(More)
The fate of the Fusarium mycotoxins deoxynivalenol and nivalenol during the milling of Japanese wheat cultivars artificially infected with Fusarium was investigated. Grain samples with different mycotoxin concentrations were milled using a laboratory-scale test mill to produce eight fractions: three breaking flours (1B, 2B, and 3B), three reduction flours(More)