Learn More
The dengue virus (DENV) NS3 protein is essential for viral polyprotein processing and RNA replication. It contains an N-terminal serine protease region (residues 1-168) joined to an RNA helicase (residues 180-618) by an 11-amino acid linker (169-179). The structure at 3.15 A of the soluble NS3 protein from DENV4 covalently attached to 18 residues of the(More)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, a severe hemorrhagic disease found throughout Africa, Europe, and Asia, is caused by the tick-borne Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV). CCHFV is a negative-sense single-stranded RNA (ssRNA) virus belonging to the Nairovirus genus of the Bunyaviridae family. Its genome of three single-stranded RNA segments is(More)
LIM domain proteins are found to be important regulators in cell growth, cell fate determination, cell differentiation, and remodeling of the cell cytoskeleton. Human Four-and-a-half LIM-only protein 2 (FHL2) is expressed predominantly in human heart and is only slightly expressed in skeletal muscle. Since FHL2 is an abundant protein in human heart, it may(More)
Enigma proteins are proteins that possess a PDZ domain at the amino terminal and one to three LIM domains at the carboxyl terminal. They are cytoplasmic proteins that are involved with the cytoskeleton and signal transduction pathway. By virtue of the two protein interacting domains, they are capable of protein-protein interactions. Here we report a study(More)
Aspartokinase III (AKIII) from Escherichia coli catalyzes an initial commitment step of the aspartate pathway, giving biosynthesis of certain amino acids including lysine. We report crystal structures of AKIII in the inactive T-state with bound feedback allosteric inhibitor lysine and in the R-state with aspartate and ADP. The structures reveal an unusual(More)
Flagellar export chaperone FliS prevents premature polymerization of flagellins and is critical for flagellar assembly and bacterial colonization. Previously, a yeast 2-hybrid study identified various FliS-associated proteins in Helicobacter pylori, but the implications of these interactions are not known. Here we demonstrate the biophysical interaction of(More)
  • Masayo Kotaka, Rong Kong, +8 authors Zhao-Xun Liang
  • 2009
The biosynthesis of the enediyne moiety of the antitumor natural product calicheamicin involves an iterative polyketide synthase (CalE8) and other ancillary enzymes. In the proposed mechanism for the early stage of 10-membered enediyne biosynthesis, CalE8 produces a carbonyl-conjugated polyene with the assistance of a putative thioesterase (CalE7). We have(More)
LIM domain proteins are found to be important regulators in cell growth, cell fate determination, cell differentiation and remodeling of the cell cytoskeleton. Human Four-and-a-half LIM-only protein 3 (FHL3) is a type of LIM-only protein that contains four tandemly repeated LIM motifs with an N-terminal single zinc finger (half LIM motif). FHL3 expresses(More)
Human glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) is NADP(+)-dependent and catalyses the first and rate-limiting step of the pentose phosphate shunt. Binary complexes of the human deletion mutant, DeltaG6PD, with glucose-6-phosphate and NADP(+) have been crystallized and their structures solved to 2.9 and 2.5 A, respectively. The structures are compared with(More)
During priming, CD8(+) T lymphocytes can induce robust maturation of dendritic cells (DCs) in a CD40-independent manner by secreting licensing factor(s). In this study, we isolate this so-far elusive licensing factor and identify it, surprisingly, as GM-CSF. This provides a new face for an old factor with a well-known supporting role in DC development and(More)