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Vitamin A is one of the micronutrients which have been implicated in cattle reproduction. In cattle, ingested vitamin A, mainly as beta-carotene (BC) from forages and retinol ester from formula feed, is metabolized and transported to the oocytes and cumulus-granulosa cells in ovarian follicles through binding to various interacting molecules. The active(More)
Gonocytes are primitive germ cells that are present in the neonatal testis and are committed to male germline development. Gonocytes differentiate to spermatogonia, which establish and maintain spermatogenesis in the postnatal testis. However, it is unknown whether large animal species have pluripotency-specific proteins in the testis. Nanog and Pou5f1(More)
Gonocytes are primitive germ cells that reside in the seminiferous tubules of neonatal testes and give rise to spermatogonia, thereby initiating spermatogenesis. Due to a lack of specific markers, the isolation and culture of these cells has proven to be difficult in the pig. In the present study, we show that a lectin, Dolichos biflorus agglutinin (DBA),(More)
Nuclear transfer has been regarded as the only reliable tool for studying nuclear reprogramming of mammalian somatic cells by oocytes. However, nuclear transfer is not well suited for biochemical analyses of the molecular mechanisms of reprogramming. A cell-free system from oocytes is an attractive alternative way to mimic reprogramming in vitro, since a(More)
The transition from male primitive germ cells (gonocytes) to type A spermatogonia in the neonatal testis is the initial process and a crucial process in spermatogenesis. However, in large domestic animals, the physiological and biochemical characteristics of germ cells during the developmental processes remain largely unknown. In this study, we(More)
Surface molecules of primitive male germ cells, gonocytes, are essential components for regulating cell adhesion and maintaining self-renewal in mammalian species. In domestic animals, the stage-specific glycan epitope α-N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) is recognised by the lectin Dolichos biflorus agglutinin (DBA) and is found on the surface of gonocytes and(More)
It is known that differentiated cells can be reprogrammed to an undifferentiated state in oocyte cytoplasm after nuclear transfer. Recently, some reports suggested that Xenopus egg extracts have the ability to reprogram mammalian somatic cells. Reprogramming events of mammalian cells after Xenopus egg extract treatment and after cell culture of(More)
Using high resolution electron microscopic autoradiography and velocity sedimentation, RNA synthesis was examined in chick embryo cells infected with Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV). RNA was labelled with 3H-uridine for 5 min or 10 min at 15 h after infection in the presence of actinomycin D and D-glucosamine. Microautoradiography showed significantly(More)
The ATP requirement for two steps of DNA replication, the synthesis and subsequent joining of Okazaki fragments, was investigated by using isolated HeLa cell nuclei. Among adenine nucleotides tested, high levels of dATP and ADP stimulated DNA synthesis. In the presence of high levels of ATP, the addition of high levels of dATP or ADP resulted in about 70%(More)