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To identify large proteins with an EGF-like-motif in a systematic manner, we developed a computer-assisted method called motif-trap screening. The method exploits 5'-end single-pass sequence data obtained from a pool of cDNAs whose sizes exceed 5 kb. Using this screening procedure, we were able to identify five known and nine new genes for proteins with(More)
BACKGROUND Coronary spasm plays an important role in the pathogenesis of ischemic heart diseases in general. However, the precise mechanism(s) responsible for coronary spasm remains to be elucidated, and we examined the molecular genetics of coronary spasm. METHODS AND RESULTS We searched for the possible mutations in the endothelial nitric oxide synthase(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined the possible association between the missense Glu298Asp variant of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene and myocardial infarction (MI). BACKGROUND Endothelium-derived nitric oxide (NO) plays a key role in the regulation of vascular tone. Recently, we reported that a missense Glu298Asp variant in exon 7 of the eNOS gene(More)
Essential hypertension has a genetic basis. Accumulating evidence, including findings of elevation of arterial blood pressure in mice lacking the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene, strongly suggests that alteration in NO metabolism is implicated in hypertension. There are, however, no reports indicating that polymorphism in the eNOS gene is(More)
p57KIP2 is a potent tight-binding inhibitor of several G1 cyclin/Cdk complexes, and is a negative regulator of cell proliferation. The gene encoding p57KIP2 is located at 11p15.5 (ref. 2), a region implicated in both sporadic cancers and Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, a cancer-predisposing syndrome, making it a tumour-suppressor candidate. Several types of(More)
The inducible isoform of the enzyme cyclooxygenase-2 (COX2) is an immediate early gene induced by synaptic activity in the brain. COX2 activity is an important mediator of inflammation, but it is not known whether COX2 activity is pathogenic in brain. To study the role of COX2 activity in ischemic injury in brain, expression of COX2 mRNA and protein and the(More)
From the soybean cDNA library, we isolated and analyzed the chlH gene encoding a subunit of Mg-chelatase. The subunit was a polypeptide of 1,383 amino acids with a molecular mass of 153,491 Da, which shared 90% identity with the olive gene from Antirrhinum majus. The regulation of the expression of chlH was investigated in photomix-otrophic soybean(More)
The proto-oncogenes bcl-2 and bcl-x-long have been shown to suppress apoptotic cell death in a variety of in vitro systems and cell lines, including neurons. An alternatively spliced from of bcl-x, bcl-x-short, is a promoter of apoptotic death. Whether these genes are induced after ischemia or play any role in determining the fate of ischemic neurons is(More)
BACKGROUND Recent reports have indicated that aldosterone is produced in extra-adrenal tissues in animals. The present study was designed to examine whether aldosterone is produced in human heart. METHODS AND RESULTS Plasma levels of aldosterone, BNP, and angiotensin-converting enzyme were measured in anterior interventricular vein (AIV), coronary sinus(More)
Absorption of orally administered chlorogenic acid (5-caffeoylquinic acid) and caffeic acid in rats was studied to obtain plasma pharmacokinetic profiles of their metabolites. Rats were administered 700 micromol/kg body weight of chlorogenic or caffeic acid, and blood was collected from the tail for 6 h after administration. Ingested caffeic acid was(More)