Masayasu Kuwahara

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Nucleic acid aptamers are receptors of single-stranded oligonucleotides that specifically bind to their targets. Significant interest is currently focused on development of small molecule aptamers owing to their applications in biosensing, diagnostics, and therapeutics involving low molecular weight biomarkers and drugs. Despite great potential for their(More)
The capping of the 3'-ends of thrombin binding aptamers (TBAs) with bridged nucleotides increased the nuclease resistances and the stabilities in human serum. The binding abilities of the aptamers were not affected by the capping. The capping could be simply executed via a one step enzymatic process using 2',4'-bridged nucleoside 5'-triphosphate and(More)
Fluorescent DNA probes for L-argininamide were developed by a combination of DNA aptamers and fluorophore-quencher pairs. These molecules were synthesized by a combination of pre- and post-synthetic modification methods. The fluorescence-labeled aptamer could detect L-argininamide specifically. The binding affinities were defined by the binding affinity of(More)
We produced a novel cationic-charged modified DNA aptamer for sialyllactose that is a ubiquitous component of the cell surface responsible for the infection of several viruses by using the magnetic-particle-based SELEX method. After 13 rounds of selection we selected 22 clones as sialyllactose-binding DNA aptamers composed of several modified thymidines.(More)
A thalidomide-binding aptamer was produced by systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment from a library of non-natural DNA in which thymidine had been replaced with a modified deoxyuridine bearing a cationic functional group via a hydrophobic methylene linker at the C5 position. The additional functional group in the modified DNA aptamer(More)
Thymidine analogues bearing a variety of functional groups at the C5-position via an amino-linker arm were prepared and the substrate activity for PCR using thermophilic KOD Dash DNA polymerase was examined. The enzyme accepted the thymidine analogues bearing pyridine, imidazole, biotin, a cationic-charged guanidinium, a cationic-charged amino,(More)
In order to systematically analyze the effects of nucleoside modification of sugar moieties in DNA polymerase reactions, we synthesized 16 modified templates containing 2',4'-bridged nucleotides and three types of 2',4'-bridged nucleoside-5'-triphospates with different bridging structures. Among the five types of thermostable DNA polymerases used, Taq,(More)
DNA-based aptamers that contain 2'-O,4'-C-methylene-bridged/linked bicyclic ribonucleotides (B/L nucleotides) over the entire length were successfully obtained using a capillary electrophoresis systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (CE-SELEX) method. A modified DNA library was prepared with an enzyme mix of KOD Dash and KOD mutant DNA(More)
Recently, we achieved the first in vitro selection of 2'-O,4'-C-methylene bridged/locked nucleic acid (2',4'-BNA/LNA) aptamers. High-affinity thrombin-binding aptamers (TBAs) were obtained from DNA-based libraries containing 2'-O,4'-C-methylene-bridged/linked bicyclic ribonucleotides (B/L nucleotides) in the 5'-primer region, using the method of capillary(More)
In order to enhance a collection of modified deoxynucleoside triphosphates useful for in vitro selection or SELEX (systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment) techniques, we designed and synthesized modified analogues of 2'-deoxyuridine triphosphate and 2'-deoxycytidine triphosphate bearing a flexible and hydrophilic 7-amino-2,5-dioxaheptyl(More)