Masaya Tohyama

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Myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) is a potent inhibitor of neurite outgrowth from a variety of neurons. The receptor for MAG or signals that elicit morphological changes in neurons remained to be established. Here we show that the neurotrophin receptor p75 (p75(NTR)) is the signal transducing element for MAG. Adult dorsal root ganglion neurons or(More)
The neurotrophin receptor p75NTR is involved in the regulation of axonal elongation by neurotrophins as well as several myelin components, including Nogo, myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) and myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (OMgp). Neurotrophins stimulate neurite outgrowth by inhibiting Rho activity, whereas myelin-derived proteins activate RhoA and(More)
Recent studies have suggested that neuronal death in Alzheimer's disease or ischemia could arise from dysfunction of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Although caspase-12 has been implicated in ER stress-induced apoptosis and amyloid-beta (Abeta)-induced apoptosis in rodents, it is controversial whether similar mechanisms operate in humans. We found that(More)
Missense mutations in the human presenilin-1 (PS1) gene, which is found on chromosome 14, cause early-onset familial Alzheimer’s disease (FAD). FAD-linked PS1 variants alter proteolytic processing of the amyloid precursor protein and cause an increase in vulnerability to apoptosis induced by various cell stresses. However, the mechanisms responsible for(More)
Although a large number of studies have been carried out on the diverse effects mediated by the common neurotrophin receptor p75(NTR), little is known about the molecular mechanisms by which p75(NTR) initiates intracellular signal transduction. We identified a variant of the beta catalytic subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKACbeta) as a(More)
Dendritic localization of the α subunit of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (αCaMKII) mRNA in CNS neurons requires its 3′ untranslated region (3′UTR). We investigated this targeting mechanism by identifying two cis-acting elements in the 3′UTR. One is a 30-nucleotide element that mediated dendritic translocation. A homologous sequence in the(More)
ZW10, a dynamitin-interacting protein associated with kinetochores, is known to participate directly in turning off of the spindle checkpoint. In the present study, we show that ZW10 is located in the endoplasmic reticulum as well as in the cytosol during interphase, and forms a subcomplex with RINT-1 (Rad50-interacting protein) and p31 in a large complex(More)
The RNA-binding protein Tra2 is an important regulator of sex determination in Drosophila. Recently, two mammalian Tra2 homologs of unknown function have been described. Here, we show that human Tra2 proteins are present in HeLa cell nuclear extracts and that they bind efficiently and specifically to a previously characterized pre-mRNA splicing enhancer(More)
Ephrins are cell surface-associated ligands for Eph receptor tyrosine kinases and are implicated in repulsive axon guidance and cell migration. EphA2, 3, and 4 receptors and one of their cognate ligands, ephrin-A2, are expressed by cells in the subventricular zone and ganglionic eminence of the embryonic day 14.5 telencephalon and by neural precursor cells(More)
p21(Cip1/WAF1) has cell cycle inhibitory activity by binding to and inhibiting both cyclin/Cdk kinases and proliferating cell nuclear antigen. Here we show that p21(Cip1/WAF1) is induced in the cytoplasm during the course of differentiation of chick retinal precursor cells and N1E-115 cells. Ectopic expression of p21(Cip1/WAF1) lacking the nuclear(More)