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OBJECTIVE Elderly people at nursing homes often suffer from malnutrition, which is characterized by a loss of muscle mass and hypoalbuminemia. This malnourished state is closely associated with an impaired activity of daily living (ADL). We analyzed the nutritional state of such elderly individuals longitudinally over 3 years by anthropometry, serum(More)
A liver neoplasm was found in a 63-year-old man with alcoholic liver disease. Sonazoid-enhanced ultrasonography (US) showed that the neoplasm was isoechoic at the early vascular phase and hypoechoic at the post-vascular phase. Gadolinium ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriamine-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed that the neoplasm was hypointense at the(More)
To clarify the neuropathological significance of the deposition of N ɛ -carboxymethyl lysine (CML), an advanced glycation endproduct, in astrocytic hyaline inclusions in familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS), autopsy specimens from five members of two different families who had the superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) gene mutations were analysed.(More)
CYP3A is responsible for approximately 50% of the therapeutic drug-metabolizing activity in the liver. The present study was undertaken to establish the CYP3A4 inducible model for analysis of human drug metabolism using a bioartificial liver composed of the functional hepatocellular carcinoma cell (HCC) line FLC-5. A radial-flow bioreactor (RFB), which is a(More)
Genome-wide association studies have revealed a link between autophagy-related (ATG) genes and susceptibility to Crohn’s disease. This suggests underlying involvement of autophagy impairment in the pathogenesis of Crohn’s disease. This study was performed to investigate the pathophysiological importance of autophagy impairment in intestinal epithelial cells(More)
An extracorporeal bioartificial liver (BAL) that could prevent death from hepatic encephalopathy in acute hepatic insufficiency was aimed to develop. A functional human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line (FLC-4) was cultured in a radial-flow bioreactor. The function of the BAL was tested in mini-pigs with acute hepatic failure induced by alpha-amanitin and(More)
For patients chronically infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV), mutations in the non-structural 5A (NS5A) gene are important predictive factors for the response to interferon (IFN) therapy. In the present study, factor analysis of the therapeutic response of patients following pegylated IFN and ribavirin combination therapy was assessed in a multicenter(More)
Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is an effective treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) that can cause deterioration of liver function. We aimed to make an early predictive model of long-term liver dysfunction after TACE. We performed a prospective cohort study involving 109 HCC patients who underwent TACE at Kobe University Hospital.(More)
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common malignant disease and the severe nature of cases in men and women who develop colorectal cancer makes this an important socio-economic health issue. Major challenges such as understanding and modeling colorectal cancer pathways rely on our understanding of simple models such as outlined in this paper. We discuss that the(More)
We previously showed that fibrocytes, a hematopoietic stem cell source of fibroblasts/myofibroblasts, infiltrated the colonic mucosa of a murine colitis model. We investigated whether fibrocytes were involved in the pathogenesis of Crohn’s disease. Human surgical intestinal specimens were stained with anti-leukocyte-specific protein 1 and anti-collagen(More)