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OBJECTIVES Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is a common risk factor for valve-related problems and occurs more frequently in patients with an interrupted aortic arch (IAA) or coarctation of the aorta(More)
Right atrial isomerism and pulmonary atresia combined with major aortopulmonary collateral arteries are very rare. Surgical treatment becomes more challenging when an extracardiac total anomalous(More)