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Purpose. The aim of the current study was to identify the effect of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP/ABCG2) on its localization, expression level, and transport activity. Methods. The cellular localization was identified using the wild type and seven different SNP variants of BCRP (V12M, Q141K, A149P, R163K,(More)
Human constitutive androstane (or active) receptor (hCAR), a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily NR1I3, regulates the expression of several genes that are mainly involved in the metabolism of endogenous and xenobiotic compounds (e.g., CYP2B6, CYP3A4, and UGT1A1). We found four novel splice variants in the ligand-binding domain (LBD) of hCAR (NCBI(More)
Eight novel single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were found in the gene encoding the ATP-binding cassette transporter, ABCG2/BCRP, from 60 Japanese individuals administered the anti-cancer drug irinotecan. The detected SNPs were as follows: 1) SNP, MPJ6_AG2005 (IVS2-93T>C); Gene Name, ABCG2; Accession Number, NT_006204; 2) SNP, MPJ6_AG2007 (IVS3+71_72(More)
Metabolic capacities for debrisoquin, sparteine, mephenytoin, nifedipine, and midazolam, which are substrates of polymorphic CYP2D6, CYP2C19, and CYP3A, have been reported to exhibit, in many cases, remarkable interindividual and ethnic differences. These ethnic differences are partly associated with genetic differences. In the case of the drug transporter(More)
We performed comprehensive haplotyping of ABCB1/MDR1 gene blocks using 49 genetic polymorphisms, including seven novel ones, obtained from 145 Japanese subjects. The ABCB1/MDR1 gene was divided into four blocks (Blocks -1, 1, 2, and 3) based on linkage disequilibrium analysis of polymorphisms. Using an expectation-maximization based program, 1, 2, 8, and 3(More)
As functional ABCB1 haplotypes were recently reported in the promoter region of the gene, we resequenced the ABCB1 distal promoter region, along with other regions (the enhancer and proximal promoter regions, and all 28 exons), in a total of 533 Japanese subjects. Linkage disequilibrium (LD) analysis based on 92 genetic variations revealed 4 LD blocks with(More)
1. By sequencing genomic DNA from 72 established cell lines derived from Japanese individuals, we detected 25 single nucleotide alterations in the microsomal epoxide hydrolase (EPHX1) gene. Of them, five were exonic alterations resulting in amino acid alterations (77C>G, T26S; 128G>C, R43T; 337T>C, Y113H; 416A>G, H139R; 823A>G, T275A). The T26S, R43T, Y113H(More)
Twenty genetic variations, including seven novel ones, were found in the human SLC22A1 gene, which encodes organic cation transporter 1, from 116 Japanese individuals. The novel variations were as follows: -94C>A in the 5'-untranslated region (A of the translation start codon is numbered +1 in the cDNA sequence; MPJ6_OC1001), 350C>T (MPJ6_OC1004),(More)
We found nucleotide variability in the 5'-upstream region and exonic sequences of a gene-encoding canalicular multispecific organic anion transporter/multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (cMOAT/MRP2) by polymerase chain reaction-based sequencing using genomic DNA from 72 established cell lines derived from 72 Japanese individuals. Four single(More)
The multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (MRP2) encoded by the ABCC2 gene is expressed in the liver, intestine and kidneys and preferentially exports organic anions or conjugates with glucuronide or glutathione. In this study, all 32 exons and the 5'-flanking region of ABCC2 in 236 Japanese were resequenced, and 61 genetic variations including 5 novel(More)