Masaya Hiyoshi

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Chloroquine (CQ), the worldwide used anti-malarial drug, has recently being focused as a potential anti-cancer agent as well as a chemosensitizer when used in combination with anti-cancer drugs. It has been shown to inhibit cell growth and/or to induce cell death in various types of cancer. 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is the chemotherapeutic agent of first choice(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess whether the neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and other laboratory markers may predict the prognosis of advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) patients receiving palliative chemotherapy. METHODS The study population included 50 patients with far advanced or recurrent unresectable CRC who received(More)
The mechanisms that lead to mitochondrial damage under oxidative stress conditions were examined in primary and cultured cells as well as in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) treated simultaneously with electron transport inhibitors and oxygen gas. Oxygen loading enhanced the damage of PC 12 cells by thenoyltrifluoroacetone (TTFA, a complex(More)
Aberrant activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling is a major driving force in colon cancer. Wnt/β-catenin signaling induces the expression of the transcription factor c-Myc, leading to cell proliferation and tumorigenesis. c-Myc regulates multiple biological processes through its ability to directly modulate gene expression. Here, we identify a direct target(More)
Aberrant activation of Wnt signalling results in colorectal tumours. Lgr5 is specifically expressed in stem cells of the intestine and has an essential role in maintaining tissue homeostasis. Lgr5-positive stem cells are responsible for the intestinal adenoma initiated by mutations in adenomatous polyposis coli. Furthermore, Lgr5 interacts with R-spondins(More)
Autophagy is a complex of adaptive cellular response that enhances cancer cell survival in the face of cellular stresses such as chemotherapy. Recently, chloroquine diphosphate (CQ), a widely used antimalarial drug, has been studied as a potential inhibitor of autophagy. Here, we aimed to investigate the role of CQ in potentiating the effect of(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Recently, the cancer stem cells (CSCs) theory has been proposed, and CD133 has been suggested as a potential marker of CSCs in various cancer types. In the present study, we aimed evaluate CD133 as a potential marker of colorectal CSCs and, for this purpose, isolated CD133(+) and CD133(-) cells from a single colorectal cancer cell line,(More)
Sulforaphane (SUL), a kind of isothiocyanate, has recently been focused due to its strong pro-apoptotic effect on cancer cells as well as tumor vascular endothelial cells (ECs). And recently, we demonstrated the induction of autophagy by colon cancer cells as a protective mechanism against SUL. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the possible role(More)
The tumor suppressor adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) is mutated in sporadic and familial colorectal tumors. APC stimulates the activity of the Cdc42- and Rac1-specific guanine nucleotide exchange factor Asef and promotes the migration and invasion of colorectal tumor cells. Furthermore, Asef is overexpressed in colorectal tumors and is required for(More)
BACKGROUND A hypoxic environment exists in most solid tumors because in rapidly growing tumors, the development of angiogenic vasculature is heterogenous, usually not enough to overcome the necessary oxygen supply. In an ischemic condition, cancer cells develop escape mechanisms to survive and leave the unfavorable environment. That result in the(More)