Masatsugu Hiraki

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This study was designed to determine whether gene methylation is a novel diagnostic marker for micrometastasis to the lymph nodes (LNs) in gastric cancer. The gene methylation of CHFR, p16, RUNX3, E-cadherin, MGMT, hMLH1, and ABCG2 genes were analyzed in 49 primary gastric cancer tissues, corresponding to noncancerous tissues and matched LNs by quantitative(More)
Among several chemotherapeutic agents, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) has been widely used as a key drug in adjuvant chemotherapy for gastric cancer. However, no reliable marker, which predicts the response to 5-FU in an adjuvant setting, has been identified. Hypoxia-induced drug resistance, via upregulation of HIF-1alpha, is a major obstacle in the development of(More)
Resolved endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response is essential for intracellular homeostatic balance, but unsettled ER stress can lead to apoptosis. Here, we show that a proapoptotic p53 target, CDIP1, acts as a key signal transducer of ER-stress-mediated apoptosis. We identify B-cell-receptor-associated protein 31 (BAP31) as an interacting partner of(More)
AIM To investigate whether gene methylation in the peritoneal fluid (PF) predicts peritoneal recurrence in gastric cancer patients. METHODS The gene methylation of CHFR (checkpoint with forkhead and ring finger domains), p16, RUNX3 (runt-related transcription factor 3), E-cadherin, hMLH1 (mutL homolog 1), ABCG2 (ATP-binding cassette, sub-family G, member(More)
TP53 is the most frequently mutated gene in human cancer, and small-molecule reactivation of mutant p53 function represents an important anticancer strategy. A cell-based, high-throughput small-molecule screen identified chetomin (CTM) as a mutant p53 R175H reactivator. CTM enabled p53 to transactivate target genes, restored MDM2 negative regulation, and(More)
The hypoxic marker carbonic anhydrase (CA) IX has been recognized as a tumor-associated protein and is essential for cancer development. However, because CA IX expression does not always correlate with hypoxia, its regulatory mechanism remains unclear. The objective of the present study was to clarify the role and regulation of CA IX expression in gastric(More)
Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) by 5-fluorouracil including S-1 is administered to advanced gastric cancer patients. However, the therapeutic benefit from this pre-operative treatment remains uncertain. The present study analyzed the expression of 5-fluorouracil related enzymes, TS, DPD and OPRT in 47 gastric cancer biopsy specimens using quantitative(More)
Aberrant gene methylation is frequently observed in various cancers and plays an important role in carcinogenesis, cancer progression and drug responsiveness. The aim of this study is to identify colorectal cancer specific gene methylation determining chemosensitivity to S-1/CPT-11 therapy. The gene methylation of CHFR, p16, RUNX3, E-cadherin, MGMT, hMLH1,(More)
Hypoxia frequently occurs in various solid tumors, thereby accelerating cancer progression and treatment resistance. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) plays a central role in tumor hypoxia by up-regulating the gene expression related to angiogenesis, cancer invasion and anti-apoptosis. The present study immunohistochemically investigated(More)
To evaluate the protein expression level in formalin-fixed cancer tissue specimens, the authors devised quantitative double-fluorescence immunohistochemistry (qDFIHC). Using this method, the 17 gastric cancer biopsy specimens, before undergoing S-1 based neoadjuvant chemotherapy, were assessed in order to determine the expression levels of the thymidylate(More)