Masatoshi Yunoki

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OBJECT A brief period of hypothermia has recently been shown to induce delayed tolerance to ischemic brain injury. This form of tolerance is initiated several hours after hypothermic preconditioning (HPC) and persists for a few days. Hypothermia-induced tolerance could provide a means for limiting cellular injury during predictable periods of ischemia, such(More)
Stressful, preconditioning stimuli can elicit rapid and delayed forms of tolerance to ischemic injury. The identification and characterization of preconditioning stimuli that are effective, but relatively benign, could enhance the clinical applicability of induced tolerance. This study examines the efficacy of brief hypothermia as a preconditioning stimulus(More)
BACKGROUND The protective effect of excitatory amino acid antagonists for CA3 hippocampal neuronal loss has been well documentated. From a clinical point of view, however, alternative therapies should also be explored because excitatory amino acid antagonists have relatively deleterious side effects. Administration of lecithinized superoxide dismutase(More)
A 56-year-old man presented with a very rare true neurenteric cyst in the conus medullaris without evidence of vertebral or visceral anomaly manifesting as a 6-month history of mild low back and bilateral inguinal pain. No motor weakness was found in the bilateral lower extremities. He had also suffered dysesthesia in the bilateral feet for several weeks(More)
BACKGROUND Olfactory neuroblastoma (ONB) is a rare, aggressive tumor of the nasal cavity. It may invade the paranasal cavities and anterior skull base locally but may also metastasize to the cervical lymph nodes, lungs, or distant central nervous system. CASE DESCRIPTION Here, we report a case of ONB in which emergency surgery was performed for intradural(More)
Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) is characterized by calcification and ossification of the soft tissues, mainly ligaments and entheses. The spines of patients with DISH generally become increasingly rigid and osteoporotic, and fractures may occur after even a relatively minor traumatic event such as a ground-level fall. Moreover, the(More)
BACKGROUND Nocardia infection of the central nervous system leading to brain abscess is a rare condition but has a high mortality rate. Among the species of Nocardia, only three cases of brain abscess due to Nocardia asiatica infection have been reported. CASE DESCRIPTION A 65-year-old man with a history of autoimmune hemolytic anemia treated with(More)
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is an autoimmune condition with detectable antibodies against several platelet surface antigens. The diagnostic criteria of ITP include isolated thrombocytopenia, normal bone marrow, and absence of other causes of thrombocytopenia. This condition is characterized by minor and serious bleeding complications, but it(More)
BACKGROUND Extracranial vertebral artery aneurysm related to neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is rare. Aneurysmal rupture typically induces such symptoms as cervical hematoma, hemothorax, and hypotension. Here we report a case of ruptured extracranial vertebral artery aneurysm in a patient with NF1 who, rather than cervical hematoma, hemothorax, or(More)
BACKGROUND Most spinal cavernous haemangiomas occur in the vertebral body and purely extradural cavernous hemangiomas without any vertebral body involvement is rare and account for only 4% of all extradural spinal tumors. Dumbbell-shaped spinal cavernous angioma is extremely rare, only 10 cases have been reported in the literature. CASE DESCRIPTION A(More)