Masatoshi Yui

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An antigen preparation of Vibrio anguillarum, a salmonid pathogen, acts as a potent in vitro mitogenic stimulator of splenic and pronephric (anterior kidney) lymphocytes from coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch), chinook salmon (O. tshawytscha) and rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri). This antigen (VA) is comparable in its mitogenic activity to Concanavalin A(More)
Trinitrophenylated (TNP) forms of E. coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) were used to produce antigen specific plaque-forming cell (PFC) responses with rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri) splenocytes from unprimed fish in vitro. The culture system that was developed is described and characterized with respect to the kinetics and(More)
Insulin-dependent (Type 1) diabetes (IDD) in the NOD mouse is inherited as a complex polygenic trait making the identification of susceptibility genes difficult. Currently none of the non-MHC IDD susceptibility genes in NOD have been identified. In this paper we describe the congenic mouse approach that we are using for the dissection of complex traits,(More)
The tegumental surface of Schistosoma mansoni sporocysts is the site of both nutritive and immunological interactions with haemolymph cells and plasma of Biomphalaria glabrata, the schistosome intermediate host. Within minutes of being placed in host plasma, sporocysts acquire plasma antigens, and within 3 h host plasma antigens are present on the surface(More)
Earlier in vivo work by Lie et al. (1977) indicated that the innate resistance of the 10R2 strain of Biomphalaria glabrata to PR1 Schistosoma mansoni could be interfered with if the snails were infected previously with another trematode, Echinostoma paraensei. We have studied this interference phenomenon using in vitro methods in an attempt to understand(More)
The resistance or susceptibility of Biomphalaria glabrata strains to strains of Schistosoma mansoni, the human blood fluke, are evidenced by the responses of snail hemocytes to sporocysts of the schistosome, both in vivo and in vitro. It is now reported that living sporocysts of the PR1 strain of S. mansoni agglutinate in the plasma of all tested strains of(More)
Evidence obtained earlier with immunofluorescence and immunoelectron microscopy was interpreted to imply molecular mimicry of the host Biomphalaria glabrata by the parasite Schistosoma mansoni. Using Western Blotting, we find that "mimicry" is due to widespread shared epitopes. Furthermore, at least one individual plasma protein of B. glabrata shares(More)
The process of in vitro polyclonal activation of coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) lymphocytes was examined with respect to the induction of mitogenesis, total immunoglobulin production, and the production of specific antibodies or plaque forming cells. These studies demonstrate that antigen specific stimulation of antibody production is not linked to(More)
Blood plasmas from certain strains of Biomphalaria glabrata are known to have components which facilitate a hemocyte-effected cytotoxic response against encapsulated Schistosoma mansoni sporocysts. The possible identity of the factor(s) has been investigated. Sporocysts placed in snail plasma rapidly acquire a wide variety of host plasma antigens, at least(More)
Cellular interactions, leading to cell-mediated cytotoxicity when Biomphalaria glabrata hemocytes encapsulate Schistosoma mansoni sporocysts, have been investigated. Rabbit antibodies (IgG), when bound to antigens on sporocyst surfaces, prevent the normal cytoadherence (CA) of hemocytes from both susceptible and resistant host snails. Since interference(More)