Masatoshi Okumura

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Temperature is an unavoidable environmental cue that affects the metabolism and behavior of any creature on Earth, yet how animals perceive temperature is poorly understood. The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans "memorizes" temperatures, and this stored information modifies its subsequent migration along a temperature gradient. We show that the olfactory(More)
Caenorhabditis elegans exhibits a food-associated behavior that is modulated by the past cultivation temperature. Mutations in INS-1, the homolog of human insulin, caused the defect in this integrative behavior. Mutations in DAF-2/insulin receptor and AGE-1/phosphatidylinositol 3 (PI-3)-kinase partially suppressed the defect of ins-1 mutants, and a mutation(More)
BACKGROUND Cognitive impairments are present during the early course of schizophrenia, and the contribution of GABAergic dysfunction to these cognitive impairments has received increasing attention. Cortical GABAergic inhibition can be assessed using short-interval intracortical inhibition (SICI) in a paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (ppTMS).(More)
The subgenual anterior cingulate cortex (Cg25) has been reported to be a node of mood-regulatory networks. Using a responder and a non-responder of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for depression, we examined pre/post-treatment cerebral blood flow (CBF) in the Cg25 and treatment-related CBF changes in cortical/subcortical regions. In the(More)
The Clock-Drawing Test (CDT) is widely used in clinical practice for the screening of dementia. However, neural activity during real clock drawing has not been investigated due to motion artifacts. In the present study, we examined brain activity during real clock drawing using multichannel near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). We measured hemoglobin(More)
The molecular mechanisms of neural plasticity, learning and memory are still poorly understood. The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans is capable of responding to a variety of environmental changes through its nervous system, consisting of only 302 neurons. C. elegans is an ideal model organism to elucidate neural plasticity, learning and memory at molecular,(More)
A 52-year-old woman with musical hallucinations was examined using brain single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with 99mTc-ECD. Changes in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) after carbamazepine treatment were assessed using a three-dimensional stereotaxic ROI template. Following treatment, rCBF was decreased in the subcortical structures and(More)
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