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Ethylene-responsive element binding factors (ERFs) are members of a novel family of transcription factors that are specific to plants. A highly conserved DNA binding domain known as the ERF domain is the unique feature of this protein family. To characterize in detail this family of transcription factors, we isolated Arabidopsis cDNAs encoding five(More)
We reported previously that three ERF transcription factors, tobacco ERF3 (NtERF3) and Arabidopsis AtERF3 and AtERF4, which are categorized as class II ERFs, are active repressors of transcription. To clarify the roles of these repressors in transcriptional regulation in plants, we attempted to identify the functional domains of the ERF repressor that(More)
which can secondarily alter the fate of the SMs when de-repressed. None of these models adequately address the fact that the bd1 SM has different fates in the tassel and ear. It is unlikely that bd1b partially compensates for the loss of BD1 in the tassel, as proposed for the zag1/zmm2 duplication in maize (14), because we have been unable to detect bd1b(More)
Human Fhit (fragile histidine triad) protein, encoded by the FHIT putative tumor suppressor gene, is a typical dinucleoside 5',5"'-P1,P3-triphosphate (Ap3A) hydrolase (EC 3.6.1.29) on the basis of its enzymatic properties we report here. Ap3A is the preferred substrate among ApnA (n = 3-6), and AMP is always one of the reaction products. Mn2+ and Mg2+ are(More)
Chromosome 3p deletions in breast cancer have been detected at 3p12-p21 by cytogenetic and loss of heterozygosity studies. Recently, we have cloned the FHIT (fragile histidine triad) gene, located at 3p14.2. Abnormalities of the FHIT locus were found in many established cancer cell lines, and the gene was abnormally transcribed in primary tumors of the(More)
A HEp-2 cell-vacuolation factor was extracted and purified from the culture supernatant of a Bacillus cereus strain which caused emetic-syndrome food poisoning. The final preparation was chemically pure, and the toxin was named as cereulide. Mass spectrometry, NMR studies and chemical degradation revealed that the cereulide is a cyclic dodecadepsipeptide,(More)
Evidence from cytogenetics, multipoint linkage analyses of familial melanoma, and loss of heterozygosity studies of familial and sporadic melanomas support localization of a melanoma susceptibility or tumor suppressor gene at chromosomal region 9p21-23. Recently, the inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK4I; also known as p16INK4, multiple tumor(More)
A vacuole-formation substance, cereulide of Bacillus cereus, is an emetic toxin in animals. Both oral administration and intraperitoneal injection of cereulide caused dose-dependent emesis in Suncus murinus, a new animal model of emesis. Vagotomy or a 5-HT3 receptor antagonist completely abolished this emetic effect. Therefore, cereulide causes emesis(More)
Riluzole is an antiexcitotoxic agent used for the treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and reported to have neuroprotective effects in animal models of Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease and brain ischemia. We investigated the effects of riluzole on synthesis of nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and glial cell(More)