Masatoshi Nozaki

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The increasing use of nanomaterials has raised concerns about their potential risks to human health. Recent studies have shown that nanoparticles can cross the placenta barrier in pregnant mice and cause neurotoxicity in their offspring, but a more detailed understanding of the effects of nanoparticles on pregnant animals remains elusive. Here, we show that(More)
The Okinawan sea anemone Phyllodiscus semoni is known to cause cases of severe stinging. We isolated P. semoni toxins 60A and 60B (PsTX-60A and PsTX-60B; ca. 60 kDa) as the major toxins from the isolated nematocysts of this species for the first time. PsTX-60A and PsTX-60B showed lethal toxicity to the shrimp Palaemon paucidence when administered via(More)
Okinawa Habu (Trimeresurus flavoviridis) venom is well known for its toxic efficacy, from which one kind of specific protein, Okinawa Habu apoxin protein-1 (OHAP-1) has been extracted. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether OHAP-1 could induce apoptosis in some glioma cells, and if so, to elucidate the possible mechanism involved. Three(More)
Protobothrops (formerly Trimeresurus) elegans, a Crotalinae snake, inhabits Ishigaki and Iriomote islands of the Sakishima Islands of Japan which are located between Okinawa island of Japan and Taiwan. Two phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) isozymes were purified to homogeneity from P. elegans venom and sequenced. This led to a discovery of novel PLA(2) isozymes(More)
The Okinawan sea anemone Actineria villosa causes severe cases of stinging. We isolated the 60 kDa A. villosa toxin (AvTX-60A) as the major toxin from the isolated nematocysts of this species. AvTX-60A showed fatal toxicity to mice with intraperitoneal injection at a minimum lethal dose of less than 250 microg/kg. The N-terminal amino acid sequence was(More)
This study was made to investigate whether Chiropsalmus Quadrigatus toxins (CqTX), which isolated from box jellyfish C. Quadrigatus venom, could induce apoptosis in human U251 and rat C6 malignant glioma cells and transformed vascular endothelial ECV 304 cell lines. Cell viability was estimated by MTT assay. Apoptosis was evaluated using TdT (terminal(More)
Ureaplasma spp. is detected in the urogenital tract, including the vagina, cervix, chorioamnion, and placenta. Their colonization is associated with histologic chorioamnionitis (CAM), often observed in placentas from preterm delivery. We isolated Ureaplasma spp. from 63 preterm placentas among 151 specimens, which were delivered at <32 wk of gestation. Of(More)
We study D-branes in SU(2) WZW model by means of the boundary state techniques. We realize the “fuzzy sphere” configuration of multiple D0-branes as the boundary state with the insertion of suitable Wilson line. By making use of the path-integral representation we show that this boundary state preserves the appropriate boundary conditions and leads to the(More)
Envenomation by the sea anemone Phyllodiscus semoni causes fulminant dermatitis and, rarely, acute renal failure in humans. Here, we investigated whether the venom extracted from the nematocysts (PsTX-T) was nephrotoxic when administered intravenously in rats and whether PsTX-T induced activation of the complement system. Although small dose of PsTX-T(More)