Masatoshi Noda

Learn More
Pleiotrophin (PTN) is a platelet-derived growth factor-inducible, 18-kDa heparin-binding cytokine that signals diverse phenotypes in normal and deregulated cellular growth and differentiation. To seek the mechanisms of PTN signaling, we studied the interactions of PTN with the receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase (RPTP) beta/zeta in U373-MG cells. Our(More)
Small GTPases of the ADP-ribosylation factor (ARF) family play a key role in membrane trafficking by regulating coated vesicle formation, and guanine nucleotide exchange is essential for the ARF function. Brefeldin A blocks the ARF-triggered coat assembly by inhibiting the guanine nucleotide exchange on ARFs and causes disintegration of the Golgi complex(More)
Staphylococcus aureus produces bi-component leukotoxins composed of non-associated soluble proteins, S and F. Neither S nor F component alone is cytotoxic, but components together are active. These include Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL), gamma-hemolysin, LukE-LukD and others. Purification of leukotoxin from Staphylococcus aureus V8 strain (ATCC 27733)(More)
Plant polyphenols, RG-tannin, and applephenon had been reported to inhibit cholera toxin (CT) ADP-ribosyltransferase activity and CT-induced fluid accumulation in mouse ileal loops. A high molecular weight fraction of hop bract extract (HBT) also inhibited CT ADP-ribosyltransferase activity. We report here the effect of those polyphenols on the binding and(More)
In Helicobacter pylori infection, vacuolating cytotoxin (VacA)-induced mitochondrial damage leading to apoptosis is believed to be a major cause of cell death. It has also been proposed that VacA-induced autophagy serves as a host mechanism to limit toxin-induced cellular damage. Apoptosis and autophagy are two dynamic and opposing processes that must be(More)
Kampo formulations are traditional herbal medications used in China and Japan for many centuries to treat diarrheal diseases such as cholera. Our studies were undertaken to identify and verify by chemical synthesis the active components that inhibited cholera toxin (CT), the virulence factor secreted by Vibrio cholerae, the causative agent of cholera. The(More)
The effects of crude polyphenol extracted from immature apples on the enzymatic and biological activities of a cholera toxin (CT) were investigated. When the apple polyphenol extract (APE) was examined for properties to inhibit CT-catalyzed ADP-ribosylation of agmatine, it was found that APE inhibited it in a dose-dependent manner. The concentration of APE(More)
Shiga-like toxin 1 (Stx1), produced by enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli, binds to its receptor, globotriaosylceramide (Gb3), on target cell membranes, as a prerequisite for inducing host cell intoxication. To examine further toxin-receptor interactions, we established an Stx1-resistant clone of Vero cells by chemical mutagenesis. The mutant cells,(More)
Subtilase cytotoxin (SubAB), which is produced by certain strains of Shiga-toxigenic Escherichia coli (STEC), causes the 78-kDa glucose-regulated protein (GRP78/BiP) cleavage, followed by induction of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, leading to caspase-dependent apoptosis via mitochondrial membrane damage by Bax/Bak activation. The purpose of the present(More)
Subtilase cytotoxin (SubAB), which is produced by certain strains of Shiga-toxigenic Escherichia coli (STEC), cleaves an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) chaperone, BiP/Grp78, leading to induction of ER stress and caspase-dependent apoptosis. SubAB alters the innate immune response. SubAB pretreatment of macrophages inhibited lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced(More)