Masatoshi Nakamura

Learn More
Enhanced echo intensity (EI) on an ultrasound image of skeletal muscle indicates changes in muscle quality, including increases in intramuscular fibrous and adipose tissues. However, it is not known whether muscle quality assessed from the EI of computer-aided gray-scale analysis of an ultrasound image is associated with the muscle strength or body(More)
Many plants contain latex that exudes when leaves are damaged, and a number of proteins and enzymes have been found in it. The roles of those latex proteins and enzymes are as yet poorly understood. We found that papain, a cysteine protease in latex of the Papaya tree (Carica papaya, Caricaceae), is a crucial factor in the defense of the papaya tree against(More)
A new method for on-line spectral estimation of nonstationary time series via autoregressive (AR) model construction is proposed. The method consists of on-line parameter estimation based on the recursive least squares ladder estimation algorithm with a forgetting factor and on-line order determination based on AIC with some modifications. The effectiveness(More)
The mulberry (Morus spp.)-silkworm (Bombyx mori) relationship has been a well-known plant-herbivore interaction for thousands of years. Recently, we found that mulberry leaves defend against insect herbivory by latex ingredients. Here we report that a 56-kDa (394 amino acid) defense protein in mulberry latex designated mulatexin (MLX56) with an extensin(More)
Plasmodium falciparum is distributed throughout the tropics and is responsible for an estimated 230 million cases of malaria every year, with a further 1.4 billion people at risk of infection. Little is known about the genetic makeup of P. falciparum populations, despite variation in genetic diversity being a key factor in morbidity, mortality, and the(More)
Most automatic spike detection systems in the scalp electroencephalogram (EEG) focused on the characteristics of "spike." However, the characteristics of "false positives" (FPs) have not been fully studied. In this paper, we proposed a system that contains a series of algorithms to eliminate FPs and a template method to confirm spikes. The system used large(More)
Since ancient times, mulberry leaves (Morus spp.) have been used to rear the silkworm Bombyx mori. Because the silkworm grows well on mulberry leaves, the toxicities and defensive activities of these leaves against herbivorous insects have been overlooked. Here we show that mulberry leaves are highly toxic to caterpillars other than the silkworm B. mori,(More)
The decrease in serum zinc is linked to the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activation that increases the serum glucocorticoid level, indicating the importance of zinc homeostasis in physiological function. Zinc homeostasis in the brain is maintained through the blood-brain and blood-cerebrospinal fluid barriers. At young age, however, the(More)
In the silkworm Bombyx mori, dietary flavonoids are metabolized and accumulate in cocoons, thereby causing green coloration. Classical genetic studies suggest that more than seven independent loci are associated with this trait; however, because of the complex inheritance pattern, none of these loci have been characterized molecularly, and a plausible and(More)
Static stretching (SS) is commonly used to prevent or improve limited joint mobility. However, it is unclear whether the components of the muscle-tendon unit (MTU) are affected by 5 min of SS. This study investigated the acute and prolonged effect of SS on the mechanical properties of the MTU. The subjects comprised 15 male participants (mean age: 21.5 ±(More)