Masatoshi Muraoka

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Microsatellite instability (replication error [RER]) is a characteristic of tumors in hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer (HNPCC), but the mechanism of HNPCC carcinogenesis is not yet understood. To clarify the nature of HNPCC tumors, RER and genetic changes were compared between HNPCC and non-HNPCC tumors. METHODS RER and genetic(More)
Mutation of the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene was analyzed in 500 colorectal tumors from 70 familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) and 102 non-FAP patients and in normal tissues from 119 FAP patients, using polymerase chain reaction-single-strand conformation polymorphism and direct sequencing methods. These tumors were histopathologically diagnosed.(More)
Metastasis of colon carcinomas is assumed to be caused by multiple steps, which include a loss of cell adhesion that results in the release of carcinoma cells from the original tumor tissue. A human colon carcinoma cell line COKFu was established from a poorly differentiated metastatic adenocarcinoma without cell-cell adhesion and without expression of(More)
Mutations in hMSH2 and hMLH1 genes were analyzed in patients from 11 Japanese families that had been diagnosed as carrying hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) by clinical examination. Germ line mutations of hMSH2 gene were identified in 5 independent families in which colorectal (87% of patients), endometrial (30%), ovarian (17%), gastric(More)
Glycosylation modifies protein activities in various biological processes. Here, we report the functions of a novel UDP–sugar transporter (UST74C, an alternative name for Fringe connection (Frc)) localized to the Golgi apparatus in cellular signalling of Drosophila. Mutants in the frc gene exhibit phenotypes resembling wingless and Notch mutants. Both(More)
Colorectal tumors frequently have loss of heterozygosity on chromosome 22q, suggesting that inactivation of tumor suppressor gene(s) on 22q participates in the tumor development. Neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) gene and E1A binding protein p300 gene, recently identified on 22q, are thought to be candidates for tumor suppressor genes. In this study, mutation of(More)
Desmoid tumors, which are locally invasive with recurrence but without metastasis, are frequently observed in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis after abdominal surgery or during pregnancy. This study analyzed mutation of the adenomatous polyposis coli gene in 8 desmoid tumors from 7 familial adenomatous polyposis patients using polymerase chain(More)
Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitory proteins are negative regulators of the cell cycle. Although all the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitory proteins may be involved in cell cycle control during a differentiation process, only p57(Kip2) is shown to be essential for embryonic development. However, the role of p57 in the control of the cell cycle is poorly(More)
Nucleotide sugar transporters have long been assumed to be antiporters that exclusively use nucleoside monophosphates as antiport substrates. Here we present evidence indicating that two other types of nucleotide sugar transporters exist that differ in their antiport substrate specificity. Biochemical studies using microsomes derived from Saccharomyces(More)