Masatoshi Kikuchi

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Protein kinase B (PKB)/Akt reportedly plays a role in the survival and/or proliferation of cells. We identified a novel protein, which binds to PKB, using a yeast two-hybrid screening system. This association was demonstrated not only in vivo by overexpressing both proteins or by coimmunoprecipitation of the endogenous proteins, but also in vitro using(More)
Serum- and glucocorticoid-regulated kinase (SGK) is a serine kinase that has a catalytic domain homologous to that of Akt, but lacks the pleckstrin homology domain present in Akt. Akt reportedly plays a key role in various cellular actions, including glucose transport, glycogen synthesis, DNA synthesis, anti-apoptotic activity, and cell proliferation. In(More)
A high-salt diet, which is known to contribute to the pathogenesis of hypertension, is also reportedly associated with insulin resistance. We investigated the effects of a high-salt diet on insulin sensitivity and insulin signaling in salt-sensitive (Dahl-S) and salt resistant (Dahl-R) strains of the Dahl rat. Evaluation of hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp(More)
Resistin is a hormone secreted by adipocytes that acts on skeletal muscle myocytes, hepatocytes, and adipocytes themselves, reducing their sensitivity to insulin. In the present study, we investigated how the expression of resistin is affected by glucose and by mediators known to affect insulin sensitivity, including insulin, dexamethasone, tumor necrosis(More)
Akt is critical in insulin-induced metabolism of glucose and lipids. To investigate functions induced by hepatic Akt activation, a constitutively active Akt, NH(2)-terminally myristoylation signal-attached Akt (myr-Akt), was overexpressed in the liver by injecting its adenovirus into mice. Hepatic myr-Akt overexpression resulted in a markedly hypoglycemic,(More)
TNFalpha, which activates three different MAPKs [ERK, p38, and jun amino terminal kinase (JNK)], also induces insulin resistance. To better understand the respective roles of these three MAPK pathways in insulin signaling and their contribution to insulin resistance, constitutively active MAPK/ERK kinase (MEK)1, MAPK kinase (MKK6), and MKK7 mutants were(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy and tolerability of vildagliptin (10, 25 or 50mg bid) in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS This 12-week, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study was performed in 291 patients. The primary assessment was change from baseline to endpoint in HbA1c. (More)
High ethanol intake is considered to impair insulin sensitivity. In the present study, we investigated the acute and chronic effects of ethanol intake on glucose metabolism and insulin signal transduction. Hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp studies revealed 70% and 51% decreases in the glucose infusion rate, 52% and 31% decreases in the glucose utilization(More)
AIM To investigate the efficacy and tolerability of vildagliptin, a potent and selective dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, as add-on to glimepiride in Japanese patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who were inadequately controlled. METHODS This 12-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study compared vildagliptin 50mg twice-daily(More)
Expression of the adipocyte-derived protein resistin, which is thought to play a key role in the development of insulin resistance in vivo, is regulated by a variety of hormones and mediators, including insulin and TNFalpha. Here we describe our use of adenovirus-mediated gene transfer to determine which transcription factors and signaling pathways affect(More)