Masatoshi Inden

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Planarian, an invertebrate flatworm, has a high capacity for regeneration when compared with other worms and animals. We show here for the first time that the reconstructed dopamine (DA) neural network regulates locomotion and behavior in planarian regenerates. The gene encoding tyrosine hydroxylase in the planarian Dugesia japonica (DjTH) was identified.(More)
Neuron/glial 2 (NG2)-expressing cells are often referred to as oligodendrocyte precursor cells. NG2-expressing cells have also been identified as multipotent progenitor cells. However, microglia-like NG2 glial cells have not been fully examined in neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson's disease (PD). In the present study, we chose two rat models of(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that is primarily characterized by the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the nigrostriatal pathway. Previous studies have demonstrated that chronic systemic exposure of Lewis rats to rotenone produced many features of PD, and cerebral tauopathy was also detected in the case of severe(More)
Parkinson's disease is characterized by dopaminergic neuronal death and the presence of Lewy bodies. alpha-Synuclein is a major component of Lewy bodies, but the process of its accumulation and its relationship to dopaminergic neuronal death has not been resolved. Although the pathogenesis has not been clarified, mitochondrial complex I is suppressed, and(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disease and is characterized by dopaminergic (DA) neuronal cell loss in the substantia nigra. Although the entire pathogenesis of PD is still unclear, both environmental and genetic factors contribute to neurodegeneration. Epidemiologic studies show that prevalence of PD is lower in(More)
L-Dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA) is considered the gold standard for the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, long-term administration of L-DOPA can induce abnormal side effects. On the other hand, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) including fluoxetine have gained tremendous popularity in the treatment of depression in PD. SSRIs(More)
Recently, it has been shown that rotenone, a specific inhibitor of mitochondrial complex I, is a useful tool in animal models of Parkinson's disease, but the mechanism of rotenone-induced neuronal death is not fully understood. In human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells, rotenone induced the degradation of procaspases-12, -9 and -3, followed by cleavage of poly(More)
The loss of homeostasis of essential metals is associated with various diseases, including neurodegenerative diseases. Previous studies have shown that the levels of zinc (Zn) are significantly higher in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Zn transporters and metallothioneins tightly control intracellular and(More)
Embryonic stem (ES) cells have many of the characteristics of an optimal cell source for cell-replacement therapy. Although the usefulness of the in vitro generation of dopamine (DA)-neural precursors from ES cells has been widely discussed, functional recovery in animal models of Parkinson's disease is not fully understood. In 6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned(More)
Dental pulp cells (DPCs) of various species have been studied for their potentials of differentiation into functional neurons and secretion of neurotrophic factors. In canine, DPCs have only been studied for cell surface markers and differentiation, but there is little direct evidence for therapeutic potentials for neurological disorders. The present study(More)