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Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is the site of synthesis and folding of secretory proteins. Perturbations of ER homeostasis affect protein folding and cause ER stress. ER can sense the stress and respond to it through translational attenuation, upregulation of the genes for ER chaperones and related proteins, and degradation of unfolded proteins by a(More)
The brain hypothalamus contains certain secreted molecules that are important in regulating feeding behaviour. Here we show that nesfatin, corresponding to NEFA/nucleobindin2 (NUCB2), a secreted protein of unknown function, is expressed in the appetite-control hypothalamic nuclei in rats. Intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection of NUCB2 reduces feeding.(More)
One hundred and seventy-four rat loci which contain short tandem repeat sequences were extracted from the GenBank or EMBL data bases and used to define primers for amplification by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of the microsatellite regions, creating PCR-formatted sequence-tagged microsatellite sites (STMSs). One hundred and thirty-four STMSs for 118(More)
The aim of this study was to produce a simplified questionnaire for evaluation of the symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). A total of 124 patients with an endoscopic diagnosis of GERD completed a 50-part questionnaire, requiring only “yes” or “no” answers, that covered various symptoms related to the upper gastrointestinal tract, as well as(More)
Excessive nitric oxide (NO) production in cytokine-activated beta cells has been implicated in beta cell disruption in type 1 diabetes. beta cells are very vulnerable to NO-induced apoptosis. However, the mechanism underlying this phenomenon is unclear. Low concentrations of NO that lead to apoptosis apparently do not cause severe DNA damage in mouse MIN6(More)
BACKGROUND In Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), anti-ganglioside antibodies are strongly associated with the acute motor axonal neuropathy (AMAN) form, but there are also cases of the demyelinating form of GBS (acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy [AIDP]) with anti-ganglioside antibodies. OBJECTIVE To elucidate the patterns and sequential changes(More)
There are few DNA-based studies that detect cancer micrometastases in lymph nodes. We have assayed for the specific detection of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)-expressing carcinoma cells in the lymph nodes of patients with gastrointestinal or breast carcinomas. A CEA-specific nested reverse transcriptase (RT)-PCR assay was optimized using limiting dilutions(More)
Arginase exists in two isoforms. Liver-type arginase (arginase I) is expressed almost exclusively in the liver and catalyzes the last step of urea synthesis, whereas the nonhepatic type (arginase II) is expressed in extrahepatic tissues. Arginase II has been proposed to play a role in down-regulation of nitric oxide synthesis. A cDNA for human arginase II(More)
Apoptosis induced by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is involved not only in the production of NSAID-induced gastric lesions but also in the antitumor activity of these drugs. The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response is a cellular mechanism that aids in protecting the ER against ER stressors and is involved in ER stressor-induced(More)
Six men (mean age: 36.3 +/- 29 years) infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), four Japanese and two from Myammar, were admitted to our hospital for treatment of tuberculosis. In five, HIV positivity on serologic testing was first found when tuberculosis was diagnosed. The mean CD4 cell count was 37.3 +/- 29.6/microliters. Results of tuberculin(More)