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The effects of neuronal, endothelial, or inducible nitric oxide synthase gene disruption on the expression of oxytocin and vasopressin gene were examined in the hypothalamus (paraventricular, supraoptic, suprachiasmatic, and anterior commissural nuclei) and extrahypothalamus (bed nucleus of the stria terminalis). The oxytocin messenger RNA levels in the(More)
Nobiletin, a compound of polymethoxy flavones found in citrus fruits, possesses a wide range of pharmacological activities. Here we report the effects of nobiletin on catecholamine secretion in cultured bovine adrenal medullary cells. Nobiletin (1.0-100 microM) concentration-dependently stimulated catecholamine secretion and (45)Ca(2+) influx. Its(More)
Neurosteroids are known as allosteric modulators of ionotropic gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptors. Here, we investigated sites of positive allosteric modulation by allotetrahydrodeoxycorticosterone (5alpha-THDOC) at GABA receptors using the technique of chimeragenesis and the Xenopus oocyte expression system. Our findings have demonstrated that the(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have investigated the involvement of nitric oxide (NO) in acute and chronic pain using mice lacking a single NO synthase (NOS) gene among the three isoforms: neuronal (nNOS), inducible (iNOS) and endothelial (eNOS). However, the precise role of NOS/NO in pain states remains to be determined owing to the substantial compensatory(More)
There is a growing body of evidence demonstrating that changes in the brain levels of nitric oxide (NO) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) are implicated in the pathogenesis of major depression. We report here the effects of subchronic treatment of mice with milnacipran, a serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor, on the levels of NO and BDNF(More)
Loss of orexin neurons in the hypothalamus is a prominent feature of narcolepsy and several other neurological conditions. We have recently demonstrated that sleep deprivation stimulates local nitric oxide (NO) production by neuronal NO synthase in the lateral hypothalamus, which leads to selective degeneration of orexin neurons accompanied by formation of(More)
We addressed the role of nitric oxide (NO) in orexin neuron degeneration that has been observed under various pathological conditions. Administration of an NO donor NOC18 (50 nmol) into the third ventricle of mice resulted in a significant decrease of orexin-immunoreactive (-IR) neurons, in contrast to a modest change in melanin-concentrating hormone-IR(More)
The endothelium plays an important role in maintaining vascular homeostasis by synthesizing and releasing several relaxing factors, such as prostacyclin, nitric oxide (NO), and endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF). We have previously demonstrated in animals and humans that endothelium-derived hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) is an EDHF that is(More)
Nitration of tyrosine residues has been observed during various acute and chronic inflammatory diseases. However, the mechanism of tyrosine nitration and the nature of the proteins that become tyrosine nitrated during inflammation remain unclear. Here we show that eosinophils but not other cell types including neutrophils contain nitrotyrosine-positive(More)
7-[3-(4-[2,3-dimethylphenyl]piperazinyl)propoxy]-2(1H)-quinolinone (OPC-4392), was synthesized in our laboratories and compared with apomorphine, 3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-N-n-propylpiperidine (3-PPP) and dopamine antagonists in a series of tests designed to characterize dopamine receptor activation and inhibition. The assertion that OPC-4392 acts as an agonist(More)