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—This paper presents a precise system for handwritten Chinese and Japanese character recognition. Before extracting directional element feature (DEF) from each character image, transformation based on partial inclination detection (TPID) is used to reduce undesired effects of degraded images. In the recognition process, city block distance with deviation(More)
The effects of alteplase (tissue plasminogen activator, t-PA) and pamiteplase (a modified t-PA with longer half-life and increased potency) were compared in a clinically relevant model of embolic stroke. Rats were treated with pamiteplase (0.5 mg/kg or 1 mg/kg bolus), alteplase (10 mg/kg infusion) or normal saline. Pamiteplase (1 mg/kg) was as effective as(More)
Meta-operations are introduced into a software process model HFSP for modeling dynamic and flexible features of software processes. As process enaction is characterized as growing trees of activity decompositions in HFSP, these operations are most naturally considered as operations over these trees, which allow changing enaction status, creating new trees(More)
Redoing has been introduced as a fundamental mechanism to handle the dynamics and flexibility required in the software process. It is an operation to cancel a part of a process enaction that is polluted by erroneous and incomplete activities and do that part again. In order to make redoing effective, it is essential to detect the cause of errors correctly.(More)
Programs constructed using techniques that allow software or operational faults to be tolerated are typically written using an imperative computational model. Here, an alternative is described in which such programs are written using an attribute and functional based model called FTAG. The basic model is introduced first, followed by a description of(More)
A laser tracking system is employed for measuring robot arm's tip with high accuracy. Geometric parameters in a robot kinematic model are calibrated by minimizing errors between measured positions and predicted ones based on the model. Residual errors caused by non-geometric parameters are further reduced by using neural networks, realizing high positioning(More)
Programs constructed using techniques that allow software or operational faults to be tolerated are typically written using an imperative computational model. Here, an alternative is described in which such programs are written using a functional and attribute based model called FTAG. This approach offers several advantages, including a declarative style,(More)
Post-preprocessing is an important part in handwritten character recognition system. In post-preprocessing, the knowledge about address is used to verify the result of segmentation and 'recognition. As a result, the best-matched output of segmentation and recognition is selected. The main problem in post-preprocessing is there are too many addresses needed(More)
Programs constructed using techniques that allow software or operational faults to be tolerated are typically written using an imperative computational model. Here, an alternative is described in which such programs are written using a functional and attribute based model called FTAG (Fault-Tolerant Attribute Grammars). The basic model is introduced first,(More)