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OBJECTIVES To estimate the serum concentrations of Tumour Necrosis Factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and soluble TNF receptors (s TNF-RI and TNF-RII) in patients with Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS), before and after treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS The serum TNF-alpha and the soluble TNF receptors concentrations were measured by a sandwich enzyme-linked(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is regarded as one of the immune factors that can induce demyelination of peripheral nerves in patients with Guillian-Barre syndrome (GBS). This present study was undertaken to find out the role of TNF-alpha and soluble TNF receptors in the pathogenesis of GBS; and to study the effect of(More)
In an attempt to establish a tuberculous etiology, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and immunohistochemical (IHC) methods were undertaken in formalin-fixed paraffin sections of ten surgical specimens of intracranial tuberculoma. The control group included an equal number of intracranial fungal granuloma. Both PCR and IHC methods did not yield false-positive(More)
The results of a Dot immunobinding assay (Dot Iba) for the detection of mycobacterial antigen in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 45 patients with tuberculous meningitis (TBM) were compared with the results of a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. In eight patients with culture proven TBM, Dot-Iba gave positive(More)
In this study, we investigated the effects of glycine betaine (GB) on bone marrow death and intestinal damage by gamma rays or carbon ions. C(3)H/He female mice received an i.p.-injection of GB before or after whole-body irradiation with gamma rays or 50 keV microm(-1) carbon ions. The irradiated mice were observed to determine the mortality for 30 days(More)
PURPOSE Lutein is a carotenoid mainly found in green leafy vegetables and is located in the macula lutea in the human eye. It has received much attention recently due to its preventive effect on age-related macular degeneration, and it has been consumed as a supplement. However, little information about the pharmacokinetic properties of lutein is available.(More)
BACKGROUND Tumor necrosis factor a TNF-alpha has a possible role in the pathogenesis of the Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS). AIMS To study the effect of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) on serum TNF-alpha concentrations in patients with GBS. MATERIAL AND METHODS The effect of IVIg on TNF-alpha was evaluated in 36 patients with GBS. Serum TNF-alpha(More)
A simple immunocytochemical method was standardized for the direct demonstration of mycobacterial antigen in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) specimens of patients with tuberculous meningitis (TBM). CSF-cytospin smears were prepared from 22 patients with a clinical diagnosis of TBM and also from an equal number of patients with nontuberculous neurological diseases(More)
In the present prospective study, a dot immunobinding assay (Dot-Iba) was standardized to measure the circulating mycobacterial antigen in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) specimens for the laboratory diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis (TBM). Immunoglobulin G antibody specific for Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a CSF specimen from a patient with culture-proven TBM(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES The precise etiological factors in Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) are still unknown. However, humoral and cellular immune factors may have a role in the pathogenesis of GBS. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the clinical significance of circulating serum IgG antibody to GD1b ganglioside in patients with GBS. METHODS(More)