Masato Okuya

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A loss or shortening of dendritic spines has been described in patients with neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Recently, there have been four reports of capture of the plus-ends of microtubules in the dendritic spines. One report, based on acute hippocampal slices that were fixed by(More)
It is now well accepted that the trafficking of AMPA receptors to the postsynaptic plasma membrane plays an essential role in long-term potentiation at the hippocampal Schaffer collateral synapses on CA1 pyramidal cells, but the motor mechanism of trafficking is unknown. We suspected that this trafficking of AMPA receptors during long-term potentiation may(More)
Microtunbule-depolymerizing agents cause amnesia. Some signal translocations to the stimulated postsynaptic membrane are essential for inducing LTP in CA1 neurons like AMPA receptors, CaMKII and mRNA. On the other hand, LTP requires protein synthesis and gene expression. This indicates that signals generated at the synapse might be transmitted to the(More)
There are many microtubules in axons and dendritic shafts, but it has been thought that there were fewer microtubules in spines. Recently, there have been four reports that observed the intraspinal microtubules. Because microtubules originate from the centrosome, these four reports strongly suggest a stimulation-dependent connection between the nucleus and(More)
It has been reported that F-actin is transported to the presumptive cleavage furrow along the cortex during anaphase-cytokinesis, an event termed cortical actin flow in animal cultured cells. The motor source has remained unknown. We reported that Ca2+ stores with IP3 receptor (IP3R) was re-distributed from the polar cortex during metaphase to the(More)
Regional distribution of enzymic activities in acetylcholine (ACh) metabolism was examined on thinly-sectioned transverse slices of human spinal cords obtained during autopsy of 5 motor neuron disease (MND) and 5 control patients without MND. Choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) activity was highly concentrated in the ventral horn regions (gray and white(More)
Glia maturation factor (GMF), extracted from bovine brain, stimulated DNA synthesis and proliferation of glioma cells and hybrid cells derived from glioma and neuroblastoma cells (NG108-15), but had no effect on neuroblastoma cells. The synapse formation of NG108-15 cells with rat striated myotubes was lower in the presence of GMF than the control and also(More)
Cyclic GMP generation, induced by preganglionic nerve stimulation or by high extracellular potassium ion concentration (70 mM) in the medium, was studied during aerobic incubation of the excised superior cervical sympathetic ganglion of the rat with and without axotomy, and the results were compared with that of preganglionic denervation. Both axotomy and(More)
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