Masato Ogura

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Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are composed of an assembly between at least seven alpha (alpha2-alpha7, alpha9) and three beta (beta2-beta4) subunits in mammals. The addition of 50 mM KCl or 1 mM nicotine immediately increased the number of cells with high fluorescence intensity in rat cortical astrocytes on fluo-3 fluorescence(More)
BACKGROUND We previously demonstrated the functional expression in newborn rat neocortical astrocytes of glutamine transporter (GlnT = slc38a1) believed to predominate in neurons over astroglia in the brain. In order to evaluate the possible role of this transporter in neurogenesis, we attempted to establish stable transfectants of GlnT in mouse embryonal(More)
The polyamines, putrescine, spermidine and spermine are present in most living cells, with the essentiality for normal cell function, cellular growth and differentiation. In the mammalian brain, polyamines are also present at relatively high concentrations with different regional distribution profiles. Cerebral ischemia is a leading cause of disability and(More)
OBJECTIVES Almost all D-glucose (GLU) filtered through the glomerulus is reabsorbed by the renal proximal tubules, whereas a high portion of 2-[18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose [(18F)FDG] is excreted through the urine. However, [18F]FDG is not entirely excreted in the urine suggesting that it may be partially reabsorbed by the proximal tubules. The purpose of(More)
The prevailing view is that the glutamine (Gln) transporter (GlnT/ATA1/SAT1/SNAT1) is a member of the system A transporter superfamily with the ability to fuel the glutamate/Gln cycle at nerve terminals in glutamatergic neurons. Semiquantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction revealed similarly high expression of mRNA for GlnT by rat brain(More)
We have previously shown that theanine (=gamma-glutamylethylamide), an ingredient of green tea, has a protective effect against ischemic neuronal death in the hippocampal CA1 region of the gerbil brain without affecting ligand binding to ionotropic receptor subtypes of the neurotransmitter glutamate structurally related to theanine. The neurotransmitter(More)
We have shown preferential expression of both mRNA and corresponding protein for myosin VI (Myo6) in the murine hippocampus within 24 h after the extreme traumatic experience, water-immersion restraint stress (WIRS), prior to a drastic decrease in neural progenitor proliferation in the dentate gyrus. Myosin (Myo6) protein levels were significantly increased(More)
In cortical neurons cultured for 3 or 9 days in vitro (DIV), exposure to hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) led to a marked decrease in cell viability in a concentration-dependent manner at a concentration range of 10 microm to 1 mm irrespective of the duration between 6 and 24 h. However, H(2)O(2) was more potent in decreasing cellular viability in cortical(More)
Mitochondrial protein tyrosine phosphorylation is an important mechanism for the modulation of mitochondrial functions. In the present study, we have identified novel substrates of c-Src in mitochondria and investigated their function in the regulation of oxidative phosphorylation. The Src family kinase inhibitor PP2 {amino-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-7-(t-butyl)(More)
The underlying mechanisms are still unclear for the neuroprotective properties of nicotine to date, whereas we have shown functional expression of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) responsible for the influx of extracellular Ca(2+) in cultured rat cortical astrocytes. In this study, we investigated the possible involvement of astrocytic nAChRs in(More)