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Erythropoietin (EPO) has long been utilized for the treatment of renal anemia. The erythropoietin receptor (EPOR) is also expressed in the cardiovascular and central nervous systems in addition to an erythroid lineage, to provide an organoprotective role against several types of cellular stress. Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a poor prognostic disease(More)
The aim of this study was to identify the clinical parameters of absolutely poor-prognosis patients with chronic critical limb ischemia (AP-CLI). Sixteen no-option CLI patients with arteriosclerosis obliterans: ASO (nine) and non-ASO patients (seven) treated with bone marrow-mononuclear cell implantation (BMI) were analyzed. There were three AP-CLI patients(More)
OBJECTIVES Autologous bone marrow implantation (BMI) is effective to treat critical limb ischemia, but the long-term prognosis is not clear. The outcome of BMI treatment for ischemic legs was investigated related to the clinical background of the patient, and short-term effects of BMI. The end event was defined as unexpected lower limb amputation. METHODS(More)
Angiogenesis therapy by bone marrow-mononuclear cell implantation (BMI) has been utilized. We found that erythroid cells played an essential role in angiogenesis by BMI. We then tried to establish a novel cell therapy by implantation of ex vivo expanded immature erythroblasts cultured from hematopoietic stem/precursor cells. Immature to mature erythroblasts(More)
Although erythropoietin (EPO) is known to express angiogenic and cardioprotective effects, it also induces hypertension, polycythemia, and platelet activation, which may cause serious adverse effects in patients with cardiovascular diseases. We compared the angiogenic effects of EPO and its nonerythropoietic derivative, asialo-EPO (AEPO). Lower limb(More)
In three cases of small coronary artery perforation by guidewires during percutaneous coronary intervention, coronary leakage continued despite prolonged balloon inflation and reversal of heparin. Subcutaneous tissue was selectively delivered to perforated vessels by means of microcatheters in a successful attempt to stop leakage. This method appears to be(More)
We performed a series of experiments under a working hypothesis that cross-linked oligomers of ribosomal protein S19 (RP S19) play an essential role in definitive erythropoiesis as a ligand of the C5a receptor of erythroblasts and macrophages. We found molecules functionally and immunologically indistinguishable from RP S19 oligomers in the extracellular(More)
Restenosis is a major problem in percutaneous catheter intervention (PCI) for coronary artery stenosis in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Coronary restenosis arises from intimal hyperplasia, i.e., hyperplasia of the vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) caused by endothelial cell (EC) damage due to PCI. Drug eluting stent (DES), a novel stent(More)
Bone marrow implantation (BMI) has been utilized for the treatment of limb ischemia, however, serum markers have not yet been reported to express the degree of limb ischemia. We analyzed the serum levels of several cytokines including erythropoietin (EPO) in the treated legs and the contralateral ones in 11 patients with limb ischemia treated with BMI. The(More)