Masato Noguchi

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Mast cells play a central role in inflammatory and allergic reactions by releasing inflammatory mediators through two main pathways, immunoglobulin E-dependent and -independent activation. In the latter, mast cells are activated by a diverse range of basic molecules, including peptides and amines such as substance P, neuropeptide Y, and compound 48/80.(More)
We constructed two megabase-sized YACs containing large contiguous fragments of the human heavy and kappa (κ) light chain immunoglobulin (Ig) loci in nearly germline configuration, including approximately 66 VH and 32 Vκ genes. We introduced these YACs into Ig-inactivated mice and observed human antibody production which closely resembled that seen in(More)
Heme oxygenase (HO) catalyzes the regiospecific cleavage of the porphyrin ring of heme using reducing equivalents and O2 to produce biliverdin, iron, and CO. Because CO has a cytoprotective effect through the p38-MAPK pathway, HO is a potential therapeutic target in cancer. In fact, inhibition of the HO isoform HO-1 reduces Kaposi sarcoma tumor growth.(More)
Heme oxygenase (HO) catalyzes heme degradation, one of its products being carbon monoxide (CO). It is well known that CO has a higher affinity for heme iron than does molecular oxygen (O(2)); therefore, CO is potentially toxic. Because O(2) is required for the HO reaction, HO must discriminate effectively between CO and O(2) and thus escape product(More)
Heme oxygenase (HO) is an enzyme responsible for the physiological degradation of heme to produce iron, CO and biliverdin. The released iron is recycled and represents the major source of this metal in heme homeostasis. A putative role as messenger in a signaling pathway is suggested for CO. Biliverdin, together with bilirubin, may function as an(More)
The gene named bciD, which encodes the enzyme involved in C7-formylation in bacteriochlorophyll e biosynthesis, was found and investigated by insertional inactivation in the brown-colored green sulfur bacterium Chlorobaculum limnaeum (previously called Chlorobium phaeobacteroides). The bciD mutant cells were green in color, and accumulated(More)
A single recessive gene, ter (teratoma), causes germ cell deficiency and a high incidence of congenital testicular teratomas in the 129/Sv-ter strain of the mouse. Linkage analyses between the ter gene and 36 marker genes of 19 chromosomes were performed with matings between the C57BL/6J-ter congenic strain and four inbred strains. Results showed that the(More)
The key steps in the degradation pathway of chlorophylls are the ring-opening reaction catalyzed by pheophorbide a oxygenase and sequential reduction by red chlorophyll catabolite reductase (RCCR). During these steps, chlorophyll catabolites lose their color and phototoxicity. RCCR catalyzes the ferredoxin-dependent reduction of the C20/C1 double bond of(More)
The side-chain asymmetry of physiological porphyrins is produced by the cooperative action of hydroxymethylbilane synthase and uroporphyrinogen (uro'gen) III synthase. Although the role of uro'gen III synthase is essential for the chemistry of porphyrin biosynthesis, many aspects, structural as well as mechanical, of uro'gen III synthase have yet to be(More)
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) catalyzes the physiological degradation of heme at the expense of molecular oxygen using electrons donated by NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase (CPR). In this study, we investigated the effect of NADP(H) on the interaction of HO-1 with CPR by surface plasmon resonance. We found that HO-1 associated with CPR more tightly in the presence(More)