Masato Nishimura

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Nicastrin, a transmembrane glycoprotein, forms high molecular weight complexes with presenilin 1 and presenilin 2. Suppression of nicastrin expression in Caenorhabditis elegans embryos induces a subset of notch/glp-1 phenotypes similar to those induced by simultaneous null mutations in both presenilin homologues of C. elegans (sel-12 and hop-1). Nicastrin(More)
We have identified a novel gene containing CAG repeats and mapped it to chromosome 14q32.1, the genetic locus for Machado-Joseph disease (MJD). In normal individuals the gene contains between 13 and 36 CAG repeats, whereas most of the clinically diagnosed patients and all of the affected members of a family with the clinical and pathological diagnosis of(More)
Mutations of receptor tyrosine kinases are implicated in the constitutive activation and development of human malignancy. An internal tandem duplication (ITD) of the juxtamembrane (JM) domain-coding sequence of the FLT3 gene (FLT3/ITD) is found in 20% of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and is strongly associated with leukocytosis and a poor(More)
Arabidopsis RD21 is a cysteine protease of the papain family. Unlike other members of the papain family, RD21 has a C-terminal extension sequence composed of two domains, a 2-kD proline-rich domain and a 10-kD domain homologous to animal epithelin/granulin family proteins. The RD21 protein was accumulated as 38- and 33-kD proteins in Arabidopsis leaves. An(More)
It has been demonstrated previously that 2,4-dichlorophenoxybutyric acid (2,4-DB) is metabolized to produce a herbicide, 2,4-D, by the action of peroxisomal fatty acid beta-oxidation in higher plants. To isolate mutants that have defects in peroxisomal fatty acid beta-oxidation, we screened mutant lines of Arabidopsis seedlings for growth in the presence of(More)
Vacuolar processing enzyme (VPE) has been shown to be responsible for maturation of various seed proteins in protein-storage vacuoles. Arabidopsis has three VPE homologues; betaVPE is specific to seeds and alphaVPE and gammaVPE are specific to vegetative organs. To investigate the activity of the vegetative VPE, we expressed the gammaVPE in a pep4 strain of(More)
The vacuole constitutes a large compartment in plant and fungal cells. The VAM3 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes a syntaxin-related protein required for vacuolar assembly. An Arabidopsis thaliana cDNA library, designed for expression in S. cerevisiae, was screened for cDNAs able to complement defective vacuolar assembly of the Deltavam3 mutation.(More)
Thymus and activation-regulated chemokine (TARC) is a recently identified CC chemokine that is expressed constitutively in thymus and transiently in stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells. TARC functions as a selective chemoattractant for T cells that express a class of receptors binding TARC with high affinity and specificity. To identify the(More)
Helper T cells are classified into Th1 and Th2 subsets based on their profiles of cytokine production. Th1 cells are involved in cell-mediated immunity, whereas Th2 cells induce humoral responses. Selective recruitment of these two subsets depends on specific adhesion molecules and specific chemoattractants. Here, we demonstrate that the T cell-directed CC(More)
Precursor-accumulating (PAC) vesicles were previously shown to mediate the transport of the precursor of a major storage protein (pro2S albumin) to protein-storage vacuoles in developing pumpkin cotyledons. In this study, we characterized two homologous proteins from PAC vesicles, a 72 kDa protein (PV72) and an 82 kDa protein (PV82). PV72 and PV82 showed an(More)