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A novel strategy achieved the eradication of lung tumor metastases by joint suppression of angiogenesis in the tumor neovasculature and induction of tumor cell apoptosis. This was accomplished by CTLs induced by a DNA vaccine encoding secretory chemokine CCL21 and the inhibitor of apoptosis protein survivin, overexpressed by both proliferating endothelial(More)
Protection against breast cancer was achieved with a DNA vaccine against murine transcription factor Fos-related antigen 1, which is overexpressed in aggressively proliferating D2F2 murine breast carcinoma. Growth of primary s.c. tumor and dissemination of pulmonary metastases was markedly suppressed by this oral DNA vaccine, carried by attenuated(More)
Endoglin (CD105), a co-receptor in the TGF-β receptor complex, is over-expressed on proliferating endothelial cells in the breast tumor neovasculature and thus offers an attractive target for anti-angiogenic therapy. Here we report the anti-angiogenic/anti-tumor effects achieved in a prophylactic setting with an oral DNA vaccine encoding murine endoglin,(More)
Antiangiogenic intervention is known to inhibit tumor growth and dissemination by attacking the tumor's vascular supply. Here, we report that this was achieved for the first time using an oral DNA minigene vaccine against murine vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (FLK-1), a self-antigen overexpressed on proliferating endothelial cells in the(More)
Reelin plays critical roles in brain formation by binding to apolipoprotein E receptor 2 (ApoER2) and very low-density lipoprotein receptor. Several isoforms and fragments of Reelin are generated by alternative splicing and proteolytic cleavage. In addition, two splice variants of ApoER2 have been recognized, namely, LA1237 and LA12378, that differ in the(More)
The interaction of NKG2D, a stimulatory receptor expressed on natural killer (NK) cells and activated CD8(+) T cells, and its ligands mediates stimulatory and costimulatory signals to these cells. Here, we demonstrate that DNA-based vaccines, encoding syngeneic or allogeneic NKG2D ligands together with tumor antigens such as survivin or carcinoembryonic(More)
A lack of relevant animal models has hampered preclinical screening and critical evaluation of the efficacy of human vaccines in vivo. Carcinoembryonic antigen-A2Kb (CEA-A2Kb) double transgenic mice provide a biologically relevant model for preclinical screening and critical evaluation of human CEA vaccine efficacy in vivo, particularly because such animals(More)
A novel vaccination strategy induced specific CD8(+) T cell-mediated immunity that eradicated spontaneous and experimental pulmonary cancer metastases in syngeneic mice and was also effective in a therapeutic setting of established breast cancer metastases. This was achieved by targeting transcription factor Fos-related antigen 1(Fra-1), overexpressed by(More)
Proteins and nucleic acids are sequence-regulated macromolecules with various properties originating from their perfectly sequenced primary structures. However, the sequence regulation of synthetic polymers, particularly vinyl polymers, has not been achieved and is one of the ultimate goals in polymer chemistry. In this study, we report a strategy to obtain(More)
Some properties of wood (hinoki:Chamaecyparis obtusa) moisture-conditioned by an adsorption process from a dry state and by two desorption processes (from a water-saturated state and from a state with a moisture content slightly below the fiber saturation point) were investigated. The moisture contents of wood conditioned by the adsorption process and by(More)