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Some cases of Alzheimer's disease are inherited as an autosomal dominant trait. Genetic linkage studies have mapped a locus (AD3) associated with susceptibility to a very aggressive form of Alzheimer's disease to chromosome 14q24.3. We have defined a minimal cosegregating region containing the AD3 gene, and isolated at least 19 different transcripts encoded(More)
We report the cloning of a novel gene (E5-1) encoded on chromosome 1 which has substantial nucleotide and amino-acid sequence similarity to the S182 gene on chromosome 14q24.3. Mutations, including three new missense mutations in the S182 gene, are associated with the AD3 subtype of early-onset familial Alzheimer's disease (AD). Both the E5-1 and the S182(More)
A small number of rare, recurrent genomic copy number variants (CNVs) are known to substantially increase susceptibility to schizophrenia. As a consequence of the low fecundity in people with schizophrenia and other neurodevelopmental phenotypes to which these CNVs contribute, CNVs with large effects on risk are likely to be rapidly removed from the(More)
We have isolated and characterized the cDNA encoding a novel protein designated DJ-1. DJ-1, sharing no significant homology with the sequences so far reported, did not show transactivation activity in the Gal4 recombinant system, but transformed mouse NIH3T3 cells by itself. Furthermore, DJ-1 showed a cooperative transforming activity with H-Ras, more than(More)
Examples of lateral asymmetry are often found in vertebrates, such as the heart being on the left side, but the molecular mechanism governing the establishment of this left-right (L-R) handedness is unknown. A diffusible morphogen may determine L-R polarity, but a likely molecule has not so far been identified. Here we report on the gene lefty, a member of(More)
Ral-binding protein 1 (RalBP1) is a putative effector protein of Ral and exhibits a GTPase activating activity for Rac and CDC42. To clarify the function of RalBP1, we isolated a novel protein that interacts with RalBP1 by yeast two-hybrid screening and designated it POB1 (partner of RalBP1). POB1 consists of 521 amino acids, shares a homology with Eps15,(More)
The distribution of spinocerebellar tract (SCT) neurons has been studied in the entire length of the spinal cord of the cat following injections of horseradish peroxidase into the cerebellum, and whether or not the axons of the labeled neurons crossed within the spinal cord was determined in cases with injections preceded by hemisections at the cervical(More)
A recent genome-wide association study (GWAS) reported evidence for association between rs1344706 within ZNF804A (encoding zinc-finger protein 804A) and schizophrenia (P=1.61 × 10−7), and stronger evidence when the phenotype was broadened to include bipolar disorder (P=9.96 × 10−9). In this study we provide additional evidence for association through(More)
We have previously reported the cloning of a novel cytokine, IFN-gamma-inducing factor (IGIF), which shared some biologic activities with IL-12. In this study, we analyzed the effects of murine IGIF on the activation of T cells, and compared the effects with those of IL-12. IGIF alone had no effect on the activation of T cell lines or Th1 clones, while IGIF(More)
Cyclin D-Cdk4/6 and cyclin A/E-Cdk2 are suggested to be involved in phosphorylation of the retinoblastoma protein (pRB) during the G1/S transition of the cell cycle. However, it is unclear why several Cdks are needed and how they are different from one another. We found that the consensus amino acid sequence for phosphorylation by cyclin D1-Cdk4 is(More)