Learn More
Some cases of Alzheimer's disease are inherited as an autosomal dominant trait. Genetic linkage studies have mapped a locus (AD3) associated with susceptibility to a very aggressive form of Alzheimer's disease to chromosome 14q24.3. We have defined a minimal cosegregating region containing the AD3 gene, and isolated at least 19 different transcripts encoded(More)
We report the cloning of a novel gene (E5-1) encoded on chromosome 1 which has substantial nucleotide and amino-acid sequence similarity to the S182 gene on chromosome 14q24.3. Mutations, including three new missense mutations in the S182 gene, are associated with the AD3 subtype of early-onset familial Alzheimer's disease (AD). Both the E5-1 and the S182(More)
The aromatic amino acids are synthesized via a common biosynthetic pathway. A tryptophan-producing mutant of Corynebacterium glutamicum was genetically engineered to produce tyrosine or phenylalanine in abundance. To achieve this, three biosynthetic genes encoding the first enzyme in the common pathway, 3-deoxy-d-arabino-heptulosonate 7-phosphate synthase(More)
The distribution of spinocerebellar tract (SCT) neurons has been studied in the entire length of the spinal cord of the cat following injections of horseradish peroxidase into the cerebellum, and whether or not the axons of the labeled neurons crossed within the spinal cord was determined in cases with injections preceded by hemisections at the cervical(More)
Surveys were conducted in factories in China where workers were engaged in the production of rubber boots or plastic-coated wire or in printing work, and were exposed to xylene vapors. Based on the data on exposure as monitored by personal diffusive sampling, 175 xylene-exposed workers (107 men and 68 women) were selected as those (1) who underwent all(More)
BACKGROUND Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a novel thermal ablation technique to achieve coagulative necrosis of hepatocellular carcinoma. A study was conducted to compare the antitumor effect and adverse effect of RFA with those of percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) in patients with solitary small hepatocellular carcinoma. METHODS The study population(More)
A small number of rare, recurrent genomic copy number variants (CNVs) are known to substantially increase susceptibility to schizophrenia. As a consequence of the low fecundity in people with schizophrenia and other neurodevelopmental phenotypes to which these CNVs contribute, CNVs with large effects on risk are likely to be rapidly removed from the(More)
CONTEXT Alzheimer disease (AD) susceptibility genes have been identified on chromosomes 1, 14, 19, and 21, and a recent study has suggested a locus on chromosome 12. OBJECTIVE To confirm or refute the existence of a familial AD susceptibility locus on chromosome 12 in an independent sample of familial AD cases. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. DNA(More)
Examples of lateral asymmetry are often found in vertebrates, such as the heart being on the left side, but the molecular mechanism governing the establishment of this left-right (L-R) handedness is unknown. A diffusible morphogen may determine L-R polarity, but a likely molecule has not so far been identified. Here we report on the gene lefty, a member of(More)
Previous group studies using positron emission tomography to assess resting cerebral glucose metabolism in very early Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment have identified the posterior cingulate and adjacent cingulo-parietal cortex as the first isocortical area to develop hypometabolism. We studied the profile of resting cerebral glucose(More)