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The basic helix-loop-helix genes Math3 and NeuroD are expressed by differentiating amacrine cells, retinal interneurons. Previous studies have demonstrated that a normal number of amacrine cells is generated in mice lacking either Math3 or NEUROD: We have found that, in Math3-NeuroD double-mutant retina, amacrine cells are completely missing, while ganglion(More)
We have isolated the basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) gene Hes6, a novel member of the family of mammalian homologues of Drosophila hairy and Enhancer of split. Hes6 is expressed by both undifferentiated and differentiated cells, unlike Hes1, which is expressed only by the former cells. Hes6 alone does not bind to the DNA but suppresses Hes1 from repressing(More)
Neurons and glial cells differentiate from common precursors. Whereas the gene glial cells missing (gcm) determines the glial fate in Drosophila, current data about the expression patterns suggest that, in mammals, gcm homologues are unlikely to regulate gliogenesis. Here, we found that, in mouse retina, the bHLH gene Hes5 was specifically expressed by(More)
The pituitary gland is composed of two distinct entities: the adenohypophysis, including the anterior and intermediate lobes, and the neurohypophysis, known as the posterior lobe. This critical endocrine organ is essential for homeostasis, metabolism, reproduction, and growth. The pituitary development requires the control of proliferation and(More)
The aim of this study was to establish a cellular system to investigate the requirement for cell surface and diffusible molecules in the differentiation of fetal mesencephalic cells toward the dopamine lineage. Toward this end, we immortalized rat embryonic day 14 (E14) mesencephalon with a regulatable retroviral vector encoding v-myc. The stably transduced(More)
PURPOSE OF THE REPORT The purpose of this report was to investigate the potential of positron emission tomography using F-18 fluorodeoxythymidine (FLT-PET) in evaluating primary brain tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS FLT-PET was performed in 25 patients with primary brain tumors. FLT uptake in the lesion was semiquantitatively evaluated by measuring the(More)
The pituitary gland is a critical endocrine organ regulating diverse physiological functions, including homeostasis, metabolism, reproduction, and growth. It is composed of two distinct entities: the adenohypophysis, including the anterior and intermediate lobes, and the neurohypophysis known as the posterior lobe. The neurohypophysis is composed of(More)
OBJECTIVE Hemangioblastomas remain a surgical challenge because of their arteriovenous malformation-like character. Recently, indocyanine green (ICG) videoangiography has been applied to neurosurgical vascular surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of tumor blood flow imaging by intraoperative ICG videoangiography in surgery for(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of the retinal environment and retinoic acid (RA) pretreatment on the differentiation of transplanted adult rat hippocampus-derived neural stem cells (AHSCs). AHSCs were transplanted into embryonic (E18) or neonatal (P6) rat retinal explants and the mixture was cultured for 2 weeks. Other AHSCs were(More)