Learn More
It has been suggested that the isoflavone, genistein,, may have some role as a chemopreventive agent against cancer in humans. Levels of genistein and its beta-glucoside conjugate, genistin, ingested in soybeans and related bean products by the Japanese were quantified by HPLC, to estimate daily intake of these compounds. Amounts of genistein and genistin(More)
The effects of intragastric gavage administration of docosahexaenoic acid (DNA) , a major component of fish oil, on azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colon carcinogenesis in rats was investigated. Male F344 rats were treated with 15 mg/kg body wt of AOM once a week, for two weeks. The animals were given either 1 ml of DHA or water intragastrically 5 times a week,(More)
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) suppress colon carcinogenesis in man and experimental animals. However, conventional NSAIDs inhibit both cyclooxygenase (COX) isoforms, COX-1 and COX-2, and cause gastrointestinal side-effects. Nimesulide, a selective inhibitor of COX-2, is much less ulcerogenic. We, therefore, examined its influence on the(More)
The effects of nimesulide, a selective inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) on azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colon carcinogenesis were investigated in mice. AOM at a dose of 10 mg/kg body wt was administered to male ICR mice once a week for 6 weeks. The animals were fed on AIN-76A powder diet containing nimesulide at doses of 200 or 400 p.p.m., starting the(More)
Disruption of myelin causes severe neurological diseases. An understanding of the mechanisms that control myelination and remyelination is needed to develop therapeutic strategies for demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS). Our previous finding indicating the critical involvement of the gamma chain of immunogloblin Fc receptors (FcRgamma)(More)
The present study is part of a program to obtain effective chemopreventive agents with low toxicity from medicinal herbs and traditional herbal medicines. We previously reported that Oren (Coptidis rhizoma) and Ogon (Scutellariae radix) inhibit azoxymethane (AOM)-induced aberrant crypt foci (ACF) formation. In the present investigation, we found Sanshishi(More)
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as piroxicam and sulindac, are known to inhibit development of aberrant crypt foci (ACF) and cancer in the colon. However, these agents cause gastrointestinal side-effects. Nimesulide is a selective inhibitor of cyclooxygenase 2 and has been shown to have a more potent anti-inflammatory action than piroxicam, but(More)
Recent studies have suggested that Fas-mediated apoptosis is involved in the pathogenesis of intestinal injury. In this study, we determined the role of Fas/Fas ligand (FasL) interactions in different T cell compartments using a murine model of small intestinal injury. An intraperitoneal injection of 145-2C11 (anti-CD3) antibody into C3H/HeN, BALB/c and MRL(More)
This study was conducted to obtain effective cancer chemopreventive agents with low toxicity from medicinal herbs. The effect of aqueous extracts from 9 medicinal herbs with antiinflammatory effect were examined on the formation of azoxymethane (AOM)-induced aberrant crypt foci (ACF), putative preneoplastic lesions of the colon. Male F344 rats were treated(More)
Effects of transplacental and trans-breast milk exposure to a food-derived mammary and colon carcinogen, 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP), were investigated in rats. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were administered PhIP in the diet (100 ppm) for 4 weeks before mating with nontreated males and also during gestation and lactation. As(More)