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Apoptosis signal-regulating kinase (ASK) 1 was recently identified as a mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase kinase kinase which activates the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 MAP kinase pathways and is required for tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha-induced apoptosis; however, the mechanism regulating ASK1 activity is unknown. Through genetic(More)
Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD), an autosomal-dominant human bone disease, is thought to be caused by heterozygous mutations in runt-related gene 2 (RUNX2)/polyomavirus enhancer binding protein 2alphaA (PEBP2alphaA)/core-binding factor A1 (CBFA1). To understand the mechanism underlying the pathogenesis of CCD, we studied a novel mutant of RUNX2, CCDalphaA376,(More)
Ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis is the key to cell cycle control. Anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC) is a ubiquitin ligase that targets cyclin B and factors regulating sister chromatid separation for proteolysis by the proteasome and, consequently, regulates metaphase-anaphase transition and exit from mitosis. Here we report that Cdc2-cyclin(More)
Much attention has focused on the aetiology of oxidative damage in cellular and organismal ageing. Especially toxic are the reactive oxygen byproducts of respiration and other biological processes. A mev-1(kn1) mutant of Caenorhabditis elegans has been found to be hypersensitive to raised oxygen concentrations. Unlike the wild type, its lifespan decreases(More)
We have recently reported that a novel molecule, murine IFN-gamma-inducing factor (IGIF) produced by mouse liver cells, possesses potent biologic activities, including the induction of IFN-gamma production by spleen cells and the enhancement of NK cell cytotoxicity. In this paper, we report on the isolation of human IGIF cDNA clones from normal human liver(More)
5-Bromodeoxyuridine was found to induce flat and enlarged cell shape, characteristics of senescent cells, and senescence-associated beta-galactosidase in mammalian cells regardless of cell type or species. In immortal human cells, fibronectin, collagenase I, and p21(wafl/sdi-1) mRNAs were immediately and very strongly induced, and the mortality marker(More)
We investigated the characteristics of delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)-induced impairment of learning and memory using an 8-arm radial maze task, a water maze, a visual discrimination task with 2 figures and a passive avoidance test in rats. THC (6 mg/kg, i.p.) impaired spatial memory in the standard task of the 8-arm radial maze. THC (4-6 mg/kg, i.p.)(More)
The biological effects of type I serine/threonine kinase receptors and Smad proteins were examined using an adenovirus-based vector system. Constitutively active forms of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) type I receptors (BMPR-IA and BMPR-IB; BMPR-I group) and those of activin receptor-like kinase (ALK)-1 and ALK-2 (ALK-1 group) induced alkaline phosphatase(More)
Interleukin (IL)-18 was identified as a molecule that induces IFN-gamma production and enhances NK cell cytotoxicity. In this paper, we report upon the purification and characterization of human IL-18 receptor (hIL-18R). We selected the Hodgkin's disease cell line, L428, as the most strongly hIL-18R-expressing cell line based on the results of binding(More)
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are members of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily, which regulate the differentiation of osteoprogenitor cells. Here we show that among members of the BMP family, BMP-4 and growth/differentiation factor 5 (GDF-5) induce osteoblast differentiation through the activation of three receptor-regulated Smads (i.e.(More)