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The SAMP10 mouse strain is a model of brain aging in which senescence is characterized by cerebral atrophy and neurodegeneration phenotypes. To investigate the role of neuroinflammation in the age-associated neurodegeneration of SAMP10 mice, we assessed the expression of several cytokines and chemokines in the atrophy-prone brain region of SAMP10, and(More)
In the mammalian cochlea, both the sensory cells-called hair cells (HCs)-and nonsensory cells such as supporting cells (SCs) and mesenchymal cells participate in proper auditory function through the expression of various functional molecules. During development, expression of certain genes is repressed through genomic methylation, one of the major(More)
The coexistence of emphysema and pulmonary fibrosis is known as combined pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema (CPFE). The aim of this study was to compare the lung mechanics measured by multi-frequency forced oscillation technique (FOT) among patients with CPFE, interstitial pneumonia (IP), and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). FOT and pulmonary(More)
The composite physiologic index (CPI), which is derived from FEV1, FVC, and diffusing capacity, has been developed to predict the extent of fibrosis on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT). However, the relevance to the forced oscillation technique (FOT) is not fully understood. We hypothesized that FOT would independently predict the CPI in(More)
Various factors that are important for proper hearing have been identified, including serum levels of zinc. Here we investigated whether epigenetic regulatory pathways, which can be modified by environmental factors, could modulate hearing. RT-PCR detected expression of genes encoding DNA methyltransferase and histone deacetylase (Hdac) in the postnatal as(More)
Program slicing has been used for efficient program de-bugging activities. Program slice is computed by analyzing dependence relations between program statements. We can place dependence analysis in two categories, static and dynamic; the former requires little analysis costs, but the resulting slices are large. The latter has opposite character. In this(More)
The contribution of Cl(-) conductance relative to that of K(+) in the regulation of membrane potential was examined using OUMS-27 cells, a model cell-line of human chondrocytes. Application of 100 microM niflumic acid (NFA) and other anion-channel blockers induced significant membrane hyperpolarization. The NFA-sensitive membrane current under voltage-clamp(More)
Although EGFR is expressed at high levels in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) and mutations are extremely rare, monotherapy with EGFR inhibitors has shown limited success. The PI3kinase/Akt pathway is responsible for cellular survival, and inhibition of phosphatidylinositol (PI) synthesis has antiproliferative, anti-invasive, and(More)
BACKGROUND The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) accompanied by the downregulation of E-cadherin has been thought to promote metastasis. Cyclooxygenase-2 (Cox-2) is presumed to contribute to cancer progression through its multifaceted function, and recently its inverse relationship with E-cadherin was suggested. The aim of the present study was to(More)
We recently showed that acute energy failure in the rat cochlea induced by local administration of the mitochondrial toxin 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NP) causes hearing loss mainly due to degeneration of cochlear lateral-wall fibrocytes. In the present study, we analyzed the effect of the pan-caspase inhibitor z-Val-Ala-Asp(Ome)-fluoromethylketone (Z-VAD-FMK)(More)