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A 70-day feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the suitability of recycled food wastes [food industry waste (FIW) and soy sauce waste (SSW)] as protein sources in the diet of Oreochromis niloticus fry. Diets were formulated that contained 0 and 20–22%, respectively, recycled food wastes, namely D1 (0% recycled food waste), D2 (20% FIW), D3 (10% FIW and(More)
Using our original in vitro assay system with goldfish scales, we examined the direct effect of prostaglandin E₂ (PGE₂) on osteoclasts and osteoblasts in teleosts. In this assay system, we measured the activity of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) as respective indicators of each activity in osteoblasts and(More)
Hypoxia is known as a potential immunomodulator in fish. This study therefore assesses the impact of chronic, moderate hypoxia on vaccine efficacy in Oreochromis niloticus. Serum antibody titer was used as a surrogate marker to detect vaccine efficacy. The fish were acclimatized to either moderate hypoxia (55 ± 5% DO) or normoxia (85 ± 5%DO) and immunized(More)
To analyze the effect of polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) 118 on fish bone metabolism, we examined osteoclastic and osteoblastic activities, as well as plasma calcium levels, in the scales of PCB (118)-injected goldfish. In addition, effect of PCB (118) on osteoclasts and osteoblasts was investigated in vitro. Immature goldfish, in which the endogenous(More)
To satisfy the world’s growing need for animal protein, it is important to develop or select fish species which are suitable for optimal cultivation in closed recirculating aquaculture systems (CRASs) as an environment-friendly aquaculture technology for providing safe and secure aquaculture food products. We have developed an ‘all fish’ growth-hormone(More)
To test the effects of probiotic bacteria against crowding stress, juvenile Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus were fed commercial feed supplemented with 1 × 1010 cfu/g pellets of Lactobacillus rhamnosus for 3 weeks. The fish were confined and subjected to crowding for 7 and 14 days after which their physiological condition was investigated. The(More)
Heavy metals such as mercury, cadmium and copper are known to be extremely toxic to organisms. Mercury has been recognized as an environmental contaminant since the Minamata disaster in the late 1950s. Minamata disease which was caused by the consumption of marine fishes severely polluted with mercury from local industrial discharge due to this Minamata(More)
We performed a transsubxiphoidal LV puncture (TSLVP) to evaluate left ventricular function in 21 patients with both mechanical prosthetic aortic and mitral valves and successfully obtained hemodynamic information on each patient. Analyzing cardiac hemodynamic information and ventriculographic findings obtained with TSLVP, we concluded that seven of the(More)
Primary cardiac tumors are uncommon during infancy and childhood. Myxomas originating in the right ventricle are even less common in pediatric patients. A 2-year-old girl was referred to our hospital under a diagnosis of right ventricular tumor. The aim of the operation was extirpation of the tumor. Perioperative cardiac arrest occurred when the tumor(More)
Exogenously added human interferon-beta (HuIFN-beta) protein possesses a remarkable antiproliferative activity in human glioma and melanoma. Endogenous HuIFN-beta protein, which is produced by its gene transfer using cationic liposomes, has much more effective antiproliferative activity against these tumors, even in cells resistant to exogenously added(More)