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Hypoxia is known as a potential immunomodulator in fish. This study therefore assesses the impact of chronic, moderate hypoxia on vaccine efficacy in Oreochromis niloticus. Serum antibody titer was used as a surrogate marker to detect vaccine efficacy. The fish were acclimatized to either moderate hypoxia (55 ± 5% DO) or normoxia (85 ± 5%DO) and immunized(More)
Using our original in vitro assay system with goldfish scales, we examined the direct effect of prostaglandin E₂ (PGE₂) on osteoclasts and osteoblasts in teleosts. In this assay system, we measured the activity of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) as respective indicators of each activity in osteoblasts and(More)
To analyze the effect of polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) 118 on fish bone metabolism, we examined osteoclastic and osteoblastic activities, as well as plasma calcium levels, in the scales of PCB (118)-injected goldfish. In addition, effect of PCB (118) on osteoclasts and osteoblasts was investigated in vitro. Immature goldfish, in which the endogenous(More)
OBJECTIVE Surgical indication was determined by lung biopsy in 91 patients with secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) and severe pulmonary hypertension > 70 mm Hg of pulmonary arterial peak pressure and/or pulmonary vascular resistance of > 8 U/m(2). METHODS AND RESULTS Pulmonary vascular disease (PVD) in ASD was classified into four types: (1)(More)
Using fish scales in which osteoclasts and osteoblasts coexist on the calcified bone matrix, we examined the effects of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on both osteoclasts and osteoblasts. At 3h of incubation after LIPUS treatment, osteoclastic markers such as tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) and cathepsin K mRNA expressions decreased(More)
A 66-year-old man complaining of epigastralgia was referred to our hospital. We examined the patient and diagnosed advanced gastric cancer (ML, type 3, por, cT3, cN3, cH0, cP0, cM1[LYM], cStage IV). A poor outcome was predicted, so we attempted induction chemotherapy and expected tumor downstaging. We chose S-1/CDDP therapy. S-1 was administered orally for(More)
The influence of sodium fluoride (NaF) on calcium metabolism was examined in goldfish (fresh water teleost). At 2days after administration of NaF (500ng/g body weight; 5μg/g body weight) (around 10(-5) to 10(-4)M in goldfish), we indicated that plasma calcium levels upregulated in both doses of NaF-treated goldfish. To examine the mechanism of hypercalcemia(More)
The effects of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on osteoclastogenesis were examined using fish scales that had both osteoclasts and osteoblasts. The binding of the receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) in osteoblasts to the receptor activator of NF-κB (RANK) in osteoclasts induced osteoclastogenesis. Therefore, we focused on RANK/RANKL(More)
Calcitonin (CT) is a hormone that decreases serum calcium level by suppressing osteoclastic activity in the vertebrate bone. In vertebrates, the structure-function relationship of CTs has been studied extensively. We recently identified three CT superfamily peptides, Bf-CTFP1 to 3, and clarified the molecular and functional characteristics of their receptor(More)