Masato Akiba

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CmeABC, a resistance-nodulation-division (RND) type of efflux pump, contributes to Campylobacter resistance to a broad spectrum of antimicrobial agents and is also essential for Campylobacter colonization of the animal intestinal tract by mediation of bile resistance. As one of the main systems for Campylobacter adaptation to different environments, CmeABC(More)
The global epidemic of multidrug-resistant Salmonella Typhimurium DT104 provides an important example, both in terms of the agent and its resistance, of a widely disseminated zoonotic pathogen. Here, with an unprecedented national collection of isolates collected contemporaneously from humans and animals and including a sample of internationally derived(More)
Autoinducer-2 (AI-2) mediated quorum sensing has been associated with the expression of virulence factors in a number of pathogenic organisms and has been demonstrated to play a role in motility and cytolethal distending toxin (cdt) production in Campylobacter jejuni. We have initiated the work to determine the molecular basis of AI-2 synthesis and the(More)
pMS260 is an 8.1-kb non-conjugative but mobilizable plasmid that was isolated from Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae and encodes streptomycin (SM) and sulfonamide (SA) resistances. The analysis of the complete nucleotide sequence of the plasmid revealed a high degree of similarity between pMS260 and the broad-host-range IncQ family plasmids. pMS260 had a(More)
Many bacterial pathogens encode ADP-ribosyltransferase toxins. The authors identified an ADP-ribosyltransferase toxin homologue (ArtA, ArtB) in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. typhimurium) DT104. ArtA is most homologous to a putative pertussis-like toxin subunit present in Salmonella typhi (STY1890) and Salmonella paratyphi A (SPA1609), while(More)
To the Editor: Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157:H7 has become a major meat safety issue worldwide. Cattle, an important reservoir of human infection (1), may not be the only source of this organism (2,3). In a survey of pigs in England (4), non-STEC O157 was isolated from four (0.4%) fecal samples collected (after slaughter) from 1,000(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the role of CmeDEF in conferring antimicrobial resistance in Campylobacter jejuni and examine the interaction of CmeABC and CmeDEF in mediating antimicrobial resistance and maintaining cell viability. METHODS Single and double mutants of cmeF and cmeB were generated in multiple strains using insertional mutagenesis. The mutants(More)
Isolates of the Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium definitive phage type (DT104) were found to contain the same prophage (designated phage ST104). The complete sequence of the DNA genome of prophage ST104 was determined. The entire DNA sequence consisted of 41,391 bp, including 64 open reading frames, and exhibited high similarity to P22 and to phage(More)
Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica poses a threat to both human and animal health, with more than 2500 serovars having been reported to date. Salmonella serovars are identified by slide and tube agglutination tests using O and H antigen-specific anti-sera, although this procedure is both labor intensive and time consuming. Establishment of a method for(More)
Salmonella enterica serovar Choleraesuis (SC) is a highly invasive pathogen that causes enteric and septicemic diseases in pigs. Although there have been some reports on gene expression profiles in the course of infection with SC in pigs, little is known about the genes involved in the infection. By measuring activation, as represented by nuclear factor-κB(More)