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CmeABC, a resistance-nodulation-division (RND) type of efflux pump, contributes to Campylobacter resistance to a broad spectrum of antimicrobial agents and is also essential for Campylobacter colonization of the animal intestinal tract by mediation of bile resistance. As one of the main systems for Campylobacter adaptation to different environments, CmeABC(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the role of CmeDEF in conferring antimicrobial resistance in Campylobacter jejuni and examine the interaction of CmeABC and CmeDEF in mediating antimicrobial resistance and maintaining cell viability. METHODS Single and double mutants of cmeF and cmeB were generated in multiple strains using insertional mutagenesis. The mutants(More)
The global epidemic of multidrug-resistant Salmonella Typhimurium DT104 provides an important example, both in terms of the agent and its resistance, of a widely disseminated zoonotic pathogen. Here, with an unprecedented national collection of isolates collected contemporaneously from humans and animals and including a sample of internationally derived(More)
One hundred twenty Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium strains, including 103 isolates from cattle gathered between 1977 and 1999 in the prefecture located on the northern-most island of Japan, were analyzed by using fluorescent amplified-fragment length polymorphism (FAFLP) and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) to examine the genotypic basis of(More)
Autoinducer-2 (AI-2) mediated quorum sensing has been associated with the expression of virulence factors in a number of pathogenic organisms and has been demonstrated to play a role in motility and cytolethal distending toxin (cdt) production in Campylobacter jejuni. We have initiated the work to determine the molecular basis of AI-2 synthesis and the(More)
Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica poses a threat to both human and animal health, with more than 2500 serovars having been reported to date. Salmonella serovars are identified by slide and tube agglutination tests using O and H antigen-specific anti-sera, although this procedure is both labor intensive and time consuming. Establishment of a method for(More)
Isolates of the Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium definitive phage type (DT104) were found to contain the same prophage (designated phage ST104). The complete sequence of the DNA genome of prophage ST104 was determined. The entire DNA sequence consisted of 41,391 bp, including 64 open reading frames, and exhibited high similarity to P22 and to phage(More)
Most Salmonella choleraesuis subsp. choleraesuis serovar Abortusequi strains of equine origin harbor a 95kb plasmid, pSA95. Results of PCR and Southern blot analysis suggest that pSA95 contains spv genes. A pSA95-cured strain of S. Abortusequi was 48 times less virulent to mice than its parental strain. Virulence was restored by reintroduction of pSA95.(More)
During 2004 and 2006, multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Infantis (Salmonella Infantis) isolates (n = 120) were recovered from broiler cecal samples collected from a meat-processing plant, and the isolates were examined. The study was conducted to detect and characterize extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing(More)
An examination was made of the effects of 21 synthetic and naturally occurring flavonoids on the in vitro growth of cells of the human breast carcinoma, ZR-75-1. In all cases, antiproliferative effects were noted, with an IC50 ranging from 2.7 to 33.5 micrograms/ml, except for the isoflavonoid, daidzin (IC50 greater than 50 micrograms/ml). No significant(More)