Masateru Katayama

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Patients with focal dystonia take advantage of certain cutaneous or proprioceptive sensory inputs to alleviate their symptoms ("sensory trick"). We examined the effects of increasing muscle spindle activity by the tonic vibration reflex maneuver and decreasing it by intramuscular injection of lidocaine. The vibration was applied to the palm or the tendon of(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the physiological abnormality in writer's cramp, a focal dystonia which specifically affects writing. METHODS We recorded brain potentials that precede hand and neck movements (contingent negative variation or CNV) in 11 patients and 11 age-matched normal subjects. A 1000 Hz tone burst (S1) was delivered to the right or left ear(More)
Type F botulinum toxin can be used for treating patients with dystonia who become refractory to type A toxin injection due to antibody development. We compared the therapeutic efficacy of type F botulinum toxin to that of type A toxin in a self-controlled, double-blind clinical trial. In nine patients with blepharospasm, we injected type A toxin on one side(More)
Patients with blepharospasm may have selective sensitivity to photic stimuli, for their symptoms are often aggravated after exposure to brightness. To investigate the pathophysiology underlying this phenomenon, we compared the effects of electric and photic conditioning on electrically-evoked blink reflex in 21 patients with blepharospasm and 11 age-matched(More)
The course of the oculomotor nerve on the clivus was abnormal in a patient with petroclival meningioma. He complained of gait disturbance. A gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance image demonstrated a 4.4-cm enhancing mass in the petroclival region. The tumor was removed via an anterior transpetrosal-transtentorial approach. Normally, the oculomotor nerve(More)
A 29-year-old man suffered from dystonic writer's cramp for over three years. When he wrote, typed and did other tasks using right hand, dystonic involuntary movement triggered medial rotation of the arm, wrist extension and shoulder elevation. Medication, biofeedback, and botulinum injection were performed without much success. We tried to block the(More)
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