Masatake Kuroha

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The efficacy of colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has been reported mainly from Japanese referral centers. However, ESD is technically difficult and associated with a higher risk of adverse events than endoscopic mucosal resection, especially for novices performing colorectal ESD with little experience in gastric ESD. The current study(More)
The efficacy of thiopurines, including azathioprine (AZA) and 6-mercaptopurine (6MP), has been demonstrated for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The most common and serious adverse event of treatment with thiopurines altered by doctors is leukopenia. Hair loss is also a serious event that could be a critical reason for patients to decline(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical demand for total colonoscopy (TCS) is increasing. Improvement of the cecal intubation rate and shortening of the examination time would expand the capacity for TCS. OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy of a transparent hood attached to the tip of a colonoscope for cecal intubation in TCS. DESIGN Prospective, randomized, controlled study.(More)
An association between FCGR3A-158 V/F polymorphism and biological responses to infliximab has been reported in Crohn’s disease (CD) in Western countries. However, little is known about the mechanism by which gene polymorphism affects the responses to infliximab. The aims of this study were to confirm the association in Japanese CD patients and to reveal the(More)
Background/Aims. Antitumor necrosis factor antibodies and calcineurin inhibitors have shown good therapeutic efficacy for steroid-refractory ulcerative colitis (UC). Although some studies have compared the efficacy of infliximab (IFX) and cyclosporin A, there are no published studies comparing IFX and tacrolimus (Tac). This study aimed to compare(More)
NKX2.3 is a promising candidate for susceptibility genes to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The aim of this study was to perform a candidate gene analysis of NKX2.3 in Japanese IBD and to examine how the risk allele (haplotype) affects susceptibility to IBD using allelic expression ratios of NKX2.3 mRNA in the involved colonic mucosa. A total of 344(More)
To explore the relationship between UPR and autophagy in intestinal epithelial cells, we investigated whether autophagy was induced by endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in colon cancer cell lines. We demonstrated that autophagy was induced by ER stress in HT29, SW480, and Caco-2 cells. In these cells, inositol-requiring enzyme1α (IRE1α) and C/EBP homologous(More)
Using a rat model of ascending aortic banding and debanding, we examined how the duration of pressure overload affects reversibility in coronary circulation abnormalities after relief of pressure overload. Four-week banding increased left ventricular dry weight-to-body weight ratio to 158 +/- 8% of that of sham-operated controls. In isolated nonworking(More)
Using an experimental model of ascending aortic banding in the rat, we examined whether coronary circulation abnormalities in hypertrophied hearts are reversible after debanding. 4-wk banding produced significant increases in in vivo left ventricular (LV) pressure (194 +/- 13 vs. 114 +/- 9 mmHg in shamoperated controls) and LV dry wt/body wt (48 +/- 5%(More)
Since colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) requires higher-level skills than endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR), it is recommended to acquire sufficient experience in gastric ESD prior to attempting colorectal ESD. We evaluated the ability of experienced endoscopists with limited experience in gastric ESD to perform colorectal ESD. We(More)