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We previously reported that upregulation of SMYD3, a histone H3 lysine-4-specific methyltransferase, plays a key role in the proliferation of colorectal carcinoma (CRC) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In the present study, we reveal that SMYD3 expression is also elevated in the great majority of breast cancer tissues. Similarly to CRC and HCC, silencing(More)
  • Hironobu Tsukada, Hidenori Ochi, +8 authors Kazuaki Chayama
  • 2009
BACKGROUND & AIMS This study aimed to identify host single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that are associated with the efficacy of interferon (IFN) therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis C. METHODS We examined whether 116 tagging-SNPs from 13 genes that are involved in type I IFN signaling associate with the outcome of IFN therapy in Japanese(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is associated with increased expression of microRNA-122. Serum microRNA-122 and microRNA-22 levels were analyzed in 198 patients with chronic HBV who underwent liver biopsy and were compared with quantitative measurements of HBsAg, HBeAg, HBV DNA, and other clinical and histological findings. Levels of serum microRNA-122(More)
The immunodeficient mice transplanted with human hepatocytes are available for the study of the human hepatitis viruses. Recently, human hepatocytes were also successfully transplanted in herpes simplex virus type-1 thymidine kinase (TK)-NOG mice. In this study, we attempted to infect hepatitis virus in humanized TK-NOG mice and urokinase-type plasminogen(More)
UNLABELLED Amino acid (aa) substitutions of core 70 and 91 and in the NS5A (nonstructural protein 5A) interferon sensitivity determining region (ISDR) as well as genetic polymorphisms in the host interleukin-28B (IL28B) locus affect the outcome of interferon (IFN)-based therapies for patients with chronic hepatitis C. The combination of these factors and(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS A common genetic variation at the IL28 locus has been found to affect the response of peg-interferon and ribavirin combination therapy against chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. An allele associated with a favorable response (rs8099917 T), which is the major allele in the majority of Asian, American, and European populations, has(More)
UNLABELLED Telaprevir is a potent inhibitor of hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS3-4A protease. However, the emergence of drug-resistant strains during therapy is a serious problem, and the susceptibility of resistant strains to interferon (IFN), as well as the details of the emergence of mutant strains in vivo, is not known. We previously established an infectious(More)
  • Hiromi Abe, C Nelson Hayes, +10 authors Kazuaki Chayama
  • 2011
BACKGROUND & AIMS Common genetic variation within the IL28 locus has been found to influence the effect of peg-interferon and ribavirin combination therapy against chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Expression of IL28 in peripheral blood cells has been reported to be higher in patients with IL28 SNP genotypes associated with favorable response. (More)
Studies of hepatitis B virus (HBV) mutants have been hampered by the lack of a small animal model with long-term infection of cloned HBV. Using a mouse model in which liver cells were highly replaced with human hepatocytes that survived over a long time with mature human hepatocyte function, we performed transmission experiments of HBV. Human serum(More)
UNLABELLED The necroinflammatory reaction plays a central role in hepatitis B virus (HBV) elimination. Cluster of differentiation (CD)8-positive cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) are thought to be a main player in the elimination of infected cells, and a recent report suggests that natural killer (NK) cells also play an important role. Here, we demonstrate the(More)