Masataka Shiraki

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In 1995, the Japanese Society for Bone and Mineral Metabolism (now the Japanese Society for Bone and Mineral Research) established the Osteoporosis Diagnostic Criteria Review Committee. Following discussion held at the 13th scientific meeting of the Society in 1996, the Committee, with the consensus of its members, proposed diagnostic criteria for primary(More)
The phenotypes of apolipoprotein E (Apo E) and their relationship with the bone mineral density (BMD) were examined in 284 unrelated postmenopausal Japanese women aged 47-82 years (64.0 +/- 1.0 years, mean +/- SE). The Apo E phenotype was analyzed by the isoelectric focusing method, followed by immunoblotting. The relationship between the Apo E phenotype(More)
PvuII and XbaI restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) of the estrogen receptor (ER) gene and its relation to bone mineral density (BMD) were examined in 238 postmenopausal healthy women aged 45-91 years (66.3 +/- 0.6 years, mean +/- standard error of the mean [SEM]) in Japan. The RFLPs were represented as Pp (PvuII) and Xx (XbaI), with capital(More)
CONTEXT Weekly teriparatide injection at a dose of 56.5 μg has been shown to increase bone mineral density. OBJECTIVE A phase 3 study was conducted to determine the efficacy of once-weekly teriparatide injection for reducing the incidence of vertebral fractures in patients with osteoporosis. DESIGN AND SETTING In this randomized, multicenter,(More)
We attempted to investigate whether vitamin K2 (menatetrenone) treatment effectively prevents the incidence of new fractures in osteoporosis. A total of 241 osteoporotic patients were enrolled in a 24-month randomized open label study. The control group (without treatment; n = 121) and the vitamin K2-treated group (n = 120), which received 45 mg/day orally(More)
The pathogenesis of osteoporosis is controlled by genetic and environmental factors. Considering the high prevalence of osteoporosis in homocystinuria, abnormal homocysteine metabolism would contribute to the pathogenesis of osteoporosis. It is known that the polymorphism of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), the enzyme catalyzing the reduction of(More)
Chromosomal mapping of the human estrogen receptor beta (ERbeta) gene by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) reveals that ERbeta is located at human chromosome 14, region q23-24.1, where the aberration of DNA copy number in the bone disorders is frequently involved. Then, we investigated the association between dinucleotide (cytosine-adenine; CA)(More)
A definition of osteoporosis was agreed upon at the 1993 consensus conference held in Hong Kong. It states that osteoporosis is “characterized by low bone mass and the microarchitectural deterioration of bony tissue, with a consequent increase in bone fragility and susceptibility to fracture.” This definition had been internationally used without revision(More)
Association of BST B1 restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) of the parathyroid hormone (PTH) gene with bone mineral density (BMD) was examined in 383 healthy postmenopausal women in Japan who were unrelated. The RFLP was represented as B or b, the capital letter signifying the presence of and the small letter the absence of restriction site for(More)
The effects of 1α-hydroxyvitamin D3 [1α(OH)D3] on bone mineral density, fracture incidence, and bone metabolism were evaluated by a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Eighty postmenopausal osteoporotic Japanese women (71.9±7.3 years, mean±SD) were randomly assigned to 1 μg of 1α(OH)D3 daily or inactive placebo for 1 year. All patients were given(More)