Masataka Sasada

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Two novel synthetic tetrapeptides, VEID-CHO and DMQD-CHO, could selectively inhibit caspase-6 and caspase-3, respectively. We used these inhibitors to dissect the pathway of caspase activation in Fas-stimulated Jurkat cells and identify the roles of each active caspase in apoptotic processes. Affinity labeling techniques revealed a branched protease cascade(More)
TNF-alpha is implicated in the initiation of cytokine cascades in various inflammatory settings. To assess the interactions of multiple cytokines at the level of inflammatory effector cells, we examined the effects of TNF-alpha on the expression of two IL-8Rs (CXCR1 and CXCR2) on polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs). TNF-alpha decreased the surface(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) exerts two separate effects on neutrophils, stimulating effector functions while simultaneously inducing apoptosis. We examined here the involvement of caspases in neutrophil apoptosis and the effect of TNF-alpha-induced apoptosis on reactive oxygen production. Immunoblotting and affinity labeling showed activation of(More)
Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) induced random migration of human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) but not chemotaxis. Chemoattractants such as N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP), leukotriene B4 (LTB4), and interleukin-8 (IL-8) induced both random migration and chemotaxis. Other inflammatory cytokines, including(More)
Reactive oxygen species produced by phagocytosing neutrophils are essential for innate host defense against invading microbes. Previous observations revealed that antibody-catalyzed ozone formation by human neutrophils contributed to the killing of bacteria. In this study, we discovered that 4 amino acids themselves were able to catalyze the production of(More)
The number of neutrophils in the blood and tissues is controlled by constitutive apoptotic programmed cell death and clearance by phagocytes such as macrophages. Here, we found that calpains cleave the X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) in vitro, producing fragments that are unable to inhibit caspase-3. These fragments were detected in normal(More)
To elucidate the differences in pathogenesis between lymphoma-associated hemophagocytic syndromes (LAHS) of the T-cell/ natural killer cell (T/NK) and B-cell (B) types, we comparatively analyzed the clinical features and serum cytokine profiles of 33 patients with LAHS registered in the Kyoto University Hematology/Oncology Study Group. The serum cytokine(More)
N4-Behenoyl-1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine (BHAC), a lipophilic and deaminase-resistant derivative of 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine (ara-C), was studied pharmacologically in patients with acute leukemia. The concentrations of BHAC, ara-C, and 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyluracil were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography, bioassay, and gas(More)
We examined the expression of co-stimulatory molecules on leukaemic cells of 52 adult patients with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) (34 men and 18 women) and analysed the relationship between these expressions and the patient's prognosis. B7-1 was not expressed in any of the 23 patients investigated, whereas B7-2 was expressed in 26/52 patients (50.0%). B7-2(More)