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Our objective was to examine the function of the glenohumeral capsule and ligaments during application of an anterior-posterior load by directly measuring the in situ force distribution in these structures as well as the compliance of the joint. We hypothesized that interaction between different regions of the capsule due to its continuous nature results in(More)
This study investigated the effect of hamstring co-contraction with quadriceps on the kinematics of the human knee joint and the in-situ forces in the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) during a simulated isometric extension motion of the knee. Cadaveric human knee specimens (n = 10) were tested using the robotic universal force moment sensor (UFS) system and(More)
The incidence of meniscal tears in the chronically anterior cruciate ligament-deficient knee is increased, particularly in the medial meniscus because it performs an important function in limiting knee motion. We evaluated the role of the medial meniscus in stabilizing the anterior cruciate ligament-deficient knee and hypothesized that the resultant force(More)
The anterior cruciate ligament has a complex fiber anatomy and is not considered to be a uniform structure. Current anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions succeed in stabilizing the knee, but they neither fully restore normal knee kinematics nor reproduce normal ligament function. To improve the outcome of the reconstruction, it may be necessary to(More)
BACKGROUND Locomotor training using robots is increasingly being used for rehabilitation to reduce manpower and the heavy burden on therapists, and the effectiveness of such techniques has been investigated. The robot suit Hybrid Assistive Limb (HAL) has been developed to rehabilitate or support motor function in people with disabilities. The HAL provides(More)
We examined the in situ forces in the posterior cruciate ligament as well as the force distribution between its anterolateral and posteromedial bundles. Using a robotic manipulator in conjunction with a universal force-moment sensor system, we applied posterior tibial loads from 22 to 110 N to the joint at 0 degrees to 90 degrees of knee flexion. The(More)
The function of the anterior cruciate ligament was investigated for different conditions of kinematic constraint placed on the intact knee using a six-degree-of-freedom robotic manipulator combined with a universal force-moment sensor. To do this, the in situ forces and force distribution within the porcine anterior cruciate ligament during anterior tibial(More)
We designed a simple procedure based on the angular speed of the knee joint for quantitating the patellar tendon reflex. The angular speed of the knee joint is calculated from acceleration data generated in response to the tapping force applied to the patellar tendon with a customized tendon hammer and measured using a tri-axial accelerometer placed at the(More)
BACKGROUND We developed a novel technique to improve tendon-bone attachment by hybridizing calcium phosphate (CaP) with a tendon graft using an alternate soaking process. However, the long-term result with regard to the interface between the tendon graft and the bone is unclear. METHODS We analyzed bone tunnel enlargement by computed tomography and(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the histological changes at the patella tendon (PT) insertion site under gradual elongation in rabbits. Gradual elongation of the PT was performed using external fixation for 4 weeks, with a lengthening speed of 0.5 mm/day (elongation group; n = 24). Rabbits in the sham group underwent the same surgical procedure(More)